OG 题目分析-8

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作者:本质教育 李泽宇

GMAT Official Guide是每一个考GMAT的学生必须具备的书籍。里面的每一道题目最好做2遍以上(尤其是错题,一定要好好分析体会)。很多同学告诉我,OG的答案不够清楚。事实上,OG的有些讲解试图绕开一些需要补充的知识,例如什么是溯因推理,分词的用法等等,因此往往显得不够清晰。因此,我想我每天抽出一些时间,写一道OG的题目,帮助大家学习。

8. (难度650)From an experiment using special extrasensory perception cards, each bearing one of a set of symbols, parapsychologist Joseph Banks Rhine claimed statistical proof for subjects who could use thought transference to identify a card in the dealer's hand.
A. for subjects who could use thought transference to identify a card in the dealer's hand
B. for a card in the dealer's hand to be identified by subjects with thought transference
C. of subjects able to identify with thought transference a card in the dealer's hand
D. that subjects could identify a card in the dealer's hand by using thought transference
E. that subjects are capable to use thought transference for identifying a card in the
dealer's hand

本题读完题意后知道proof这个抽象名词后面应该跟同位语从句来解释,而不能用介词短语for subjects (claimed proof for subjects, proof是什么?)因此,排除A,B,C

剩下两个选项,我们对比,第1个差异是时态,我个人认为两个时态都是正确的,因为could延用上面的过去时,而are capable用现在时表示scientific result – true regardless of time。都可以。第二个差别就是be capable vs. could
注意be able to do sth
Be capable of doing sth (be capable to do sth – WRONG)
这是idiom, 只有死记,不要问我为什么

另外E中用for identifying,即for doing表示目的,注意正式书面英文中用to do/in order to do表示目的,不用for doing (for doing 表示原因是可以的)

答案:D

这是一道全划线题,在GMAT中一般全划线题是难题,因此考试的时候如果遇到,你应该高兴才对,因为说明你进入了高分段。

首先,读完这句话,理解意思,it作为形式主语指代后面的不定式to be both feasible as well as desirable表意是错误的(illogical)。而且both…as well as…也是错误的平行对称结构,同样的问题也出现在C.

而扫描的时候,我发现B中,Currently used by… 是过去分词做状语,其逻辑主语是修饰的动词has found的主语,即a joint Canadian-Russian study。这是illogical的,因为意思是study is used by two or three planes a day。

E中found study as both feasible and desirable是错误的,这里的as是介词,后面跟介词宾语,原文意思为both a feasible and a desirable way,但这个way前面没有,因此也谈不上省略。
因此答案是D。

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