OG 题目分析-4

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作者:本质教育 李泽宇

Official Guide是每一个考GMAT的学生必须具备的书籍。里面的每一道题目最好做2遍以上(尤其是错题,一定要好好分析体会)。很多同学告诉我,OG的答案不够清楚。事实上,OG的有些讲解试图绕开一些需要补充的知识,例如什么是溯因推理,分词的用法等等,因此往往显得不够清晰。因此,我想我每天抽出一些时间,写一道OG的题目,帮助大家学习。

4. In a speech before the Senate Banking Committee, the chairman of the Federal Reserve painted an optimistic picture of the economy, suggesting to investors the central bank in the near future is not lowering interest rates.
A. suggesting to investors the central bank in the near future is not lowering interest rates
B. suggesting to investors that the central bank would not lower interest rates in the near
future
C. which suggests that to investors in the near future interest rates will not be lowered by
the central bank
D. with the suggestion to investors in the near future that interest rates would not be
lowered by the central bank
E. with the suggestion to investors of interest rates not being lowered in the near future
by the central bank

这一题开始有一定的难度了(难度650):

这里我们稍微分析一下语法:

Suggesting是现在分词,放在句末,注意这里是做结果状语,其逻辑主语不是the chairman而是“the chairman of the Federal Reserve painted an optimistic picture of the economy”这句话。 (对于程度比较好的同学,应该意识到这里的suggest不是“建议”的意思,而是“暗示”,因此后面的宾语从句不用虚拟语气)

这里有一个重要的语法:

在口语中,宾语从句的连词that是可以省略的,例如:

I think that he is a smart boy.

I think he is a smart boy.

在GMAT中,后面一句是不被允许的。That必须保留,否则这句话缺乏连词,容易显得一个句子有两个谓语动词。因此A错误。

比较B,C,发现C用了定语从句。非限制性定语从句的which只能指代就近的名词,即这里的economy,因此economy suggests…表意错误,后面的in the near future就近修饰investors也改变原句的合理意思。 同样的错误可以排除D,E

因此答案选B

本题也可以从时态的角度,前面用的过去时,painted,因此后面应该延续这个时态(除非有明确的逻辑原因),因此应该用过去将来时, would not lower。

A,C错误

最后E中的being lowered为现在分词的被动语态,强到动作的持续性或者重复性。而lower interest rate是一次性动作,不存在连续性,错误。

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