GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day One

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好啦不多啰嗦了,直接上词

1. 简单词husband

词根 -band-(变形: bound, bund, bon), 意味“联合”。
同词根则有以下:

① abandon,放弃(不再开始);放纵
记忆方法:a(不再)+band(联合)+on(动作持续发生)→不再继续联合因此放弃
近义词: Abort(终止,可能重新开始), give up, pause, abeyance(暂时终止, see hard to memorize list ), abandon表示放弃不再开始因为-on表示放弃动作持续, indulgent (放纵的)
实例: abandon oneself to despair(自暴自弃),abandon oneself to pleasure (花天酒地)

②bandage,绷带
记忆方法:band(连接)+age(名词后缀)→绷带
实例: We put some ointment and a bandage on his knee.

③boundary,边界
记忆方法:bound(连接处→边界)+ary(名词后缀)→边界
实例: Drug traffickers operate across national boundaries.

④abundant,富裕的
记忆方法:a(无)+bund(连接处→边界)+ant(形容词后缀)→ 多得无边无界→富裕的,充足的
近义词: ample, plentiful, fruitful
实例: There is an abundant supply of cheap labor.

⑤abound,v.富于
记忆方法:a(无)+bound(边界)→无边界→富于
实例:This book abounds with revealing stories.

⑥bountiful,充足的
记忆方法:bount(边界)+ful(full满)→装满直到边界→丰富的
衍生: bounty 慷慨,赏金(悬赏金)
实例: They paid bounties for people to give up their weapons.

⑦ husbandry, 畜牧业
记忆方法:(男主外→畜牧业)
实例:The basin favors the development of farming and animal husbandry.

⑧ ribbon,n.带; (打印机的)色带
记忆方法:ri(=ring环绕)+bbon(=band 带)→ 可以环绕、扎起来的带子
实例: I covered the scroll in sealing wax, and affixed a red ribbon.

2. 简单词abandon

词根 -on- 动作、状态的持续
同词根则有以下:

① wanton, 肆无忌惮的,放荡的
记忆方法:want(欲望)+on(状态的持续)→ 无尽的欲望→肆无忌惮的,放荡的
实例:Wanton violence is now becoming a common feature in urban life.

②don,穿上
记忆方法:d(=dress)+ on(状态的持续)→穿上是一种持续的状态
近义词: wear, put on
实例: The women of Zurich donned armour, marched to the Lindenhof and manned the battlements.

3. 简单词hamburger

词根 -burg-(ball, bow, bud,bub, bulb,bulg), 球状物;城堡
同词根则有以下:

①bud, 芽,花蕾,发芽
记忆方法:芽和花蕾都是球状物
近义词:sprout, burgeon
实例: The leaves were budding on the trees below.

② burgeon,发芽
记忆方法:burge(球状物→bud芽)+ on (动作持续)
近义词: sprout, bud
实例: Plants burgeon from every available space.

③bow, 弓, 鞠躬
记忆方法:拉满的弓是球状(圆弧)
实例:He bowed slightly before taking her bag.

④rainbow, 彩虹
记忆方法:rain(雨水)+ bow (球状物) → 雨水产生的球状物

⑤bulb,灯泡
记忆方法:灯泡是球状物

⑥balloon,气球
记忆方法:气球也是球状物

⑦ bulge,膨胀
记忆方法:bulg(球状物)+e →像球状物一样膨胀
实例:He is 6ft with bulging muscles.
A bulge bracket bank
⑧burglar,盗贼
记忆方法:burg(球状物,衍生为城堡)+lar(人)→进入城堡(盗窃)的人→盗贼,在电影Hobbit中也多次出现这个词
衍生:burglary盗窃行为
实例:He's been arrested for burglary.

4. 简单词battle

词根 -bat-, 打
同词根则有以下:

①bate,减少,减弱
记忆方法:bat(打)+e→ 在打击下减少、减弱
实例:The cruel landlord would bate him no rent.

②abate, 减少,(法令)废止
记忆方法:a+vt一般变为vi,表状态,a+bate(打,压制)→被打压的状态→减轻
近义词: reduce, wane, abolish, lessen, decrease
实例: The medicine abates her pain.

③rebate, 现金返还
记忆方法:re(返回)+bate(打)→打回来的钱
实例:You can claim a rebate on your tax.

④combative好斗的
记忆方法:com(一起)+bat(打)→好斗的
近义词: belligerent, bellicose, pugnacious
实例: He conducted the meeting in his usual combative style, refusing to admit any mistakes.

5. 简单词acid

词根 -acid- (变形: acer, acri ), 酸
同词根则有以下:

① exacerbate, 使加重
记忆方法:ex(动词前缀)+acer(酸)+bate(打)→打得发酸→加重
实例:Longstanding poverty has been exacerbated by racial division.

②acerbic尖酸的
记忆方法:acer(酸)+bic→尖酸的
实例: His comments are as acerbic as they have always been.

③acidify使酸化
记忆方法:acid+ fy(…化) →使酸化
实例:One long-term experiment found that both crab species grew slower in acidified waters and survival decreased.

④acrid尖刻的, 刺鼻的
记忆方法:acri+d→酸的→尖刻的
实例:Her acrid remarks make her many enemies.
Traffic was snarled, and whiffs of acrid air stung the eyes.

⑤acrimonious尖酸的
记忆方法:acri(酸)+moni=money(钱)+ious→(为了钱)而产生的尖酸的争吵→尖酸的
实例: His parents went through an acrimonious divorce.

6. 简单词brief

词根 -brief- (变形: brief, brev, bridg, 来源于bridge, 桥→本就是为缩短距离而建,bridg缩短)
同词根则有以下:

①abbreviate缩写,简化
记忆方法:ab(to) + brev(简短) + iate(表动词)→简化
近义词: simplify, abridge, condense
实例: Alexandre abbreviated his name to Alex.

②abridge缩短,删节
记忆方法:ab(=to, b由于重复省略) + bridg(简短) →简化
近义词: simplify, abbreviate, condense
实例: This book is an abridged edition.

③debrief简述,汇报
记忆方法:de(加强动作) + brief (简短)→ 简述,汇报
实例: She prepared an operation re-engineering after her subordinate debriefed her.

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