GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Twenty – Six

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Rejoicing in hope, Patient in tribulation. ----- By John Kennedy

115. 简单词 detrimental有害的/ try尝试/ triple 三
词根: -tri-(变形: trit, try) 1. 摩擦(detrimental=de(不好)+tri(摩擦)+mental→磨损坏了→有害的); 2. 尝试; 3. 三.
同根词:

(1) detritus碎石, 碎屑
记忆方法:de(强调)+trit(磨损)+us→磨损后剩下的→碎石
实例:There aren't many things more depressing than walking on a beautiful beach and discovering a stretch of it that's covered in detritus.

(2) tribulation苦难; 灾难
记忆方法:联想记忆: tri(摩擦)+bul(胀满,包裹)+ation(表名词)→ 充满苦难的状态→苦难,灾难
实例:1. Even in our awful tribulation we were quite optimistic. 2. Rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation. (John Kennedy)

(3) trivial琐碎的, 无价值的; 平常的, 平凡的; 不重要的
记忆方法:tri(摩擦)+vi(道路)+al(表形容词)→在道路上发生的摩擦都是些琐碎不重要的事
近义词: frivolous, paltry, puny, slight, inane
实例:The director tried to wave aside these issues as trivial details that could be settled later.

(4) trivialize vt. <贬>使显得琐碎[不重要、不难等],轻视
记忆方法:trivial(琐碎的,不重要的)+ize(表动词)→ 使不重要
实例:It never ceases to amaze me how the business world continues to trivialize the world's environmental problems.

(5) trifle vt.浪费(时间或金钱);虚度; 不认真对待 n.琐事;少量
记忆方法:tri(摩擦)+fle(表动词)→摩擦必然是浪费时间与金钱的
实例:1.Don't lose your temper over such a trifle. 2.People may consider small problems nothing and ignore them, but your health is something you should never trifle with.

(6) trifling微不足道的;轻浮的
记忆方法:trifle的现在分词作名词
实例:According to Alibaba the proportion of Ali-loan’s lending that goes bad is a trifling 0.35%, which suggests that the service could be expanded fast.

(7) trial n.试验;[法]审讯
记忆方法:来源try表示尝试,而tri本身也是摩擦的词根(参见detrimental),因此tri(摩擦)+al→表示审讯
实例:1.They have been treated with this drug in clinical trials. 2.New evidence showed the police lied at the trial.

(8) retrial n.试验;[法]审讯
记忆方法:来源于try表示尝试,而tri本身也是摩擦的词根(参见detrimental),因此tri(摩擦)+al→表示审讯
实例:The judge ordered a retrial because of irregularities.

(9) tribunal n.审理委员会;特别法庭;法官席; 裁决
记忆方法:来源于trial
实例:If the clubs cannot conclude a deal, an independent tribunal will decide.

(10) trying 难对付的;令人厌烦的;令人恼火的
记忆方法:trying 不停地尝试去对付→难对付的→难对付自然令人烦
实例:Support from those closest to you is vital in these trying times.
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(11) tribal adj. 部落的, 部族的; 种族的
记忆方法:为tribe之形容词, tri(三倍)+be→ 部落就是有三倍又三倍的人数组成
实例:The country was torn apart by fierce tribal hostilities.

116. 简单词audience听众
词根:-audi-(变形: audi,aur )听
同根词:

(1) audacious 大胆的,鲁莽的
记忆方法:aud(听)+acious(多…的)→多次(偷)听→大胆,鲁莽
实例:He formed an audacious plan to win the presidency.

(2) audible听得到的
记忆方法:audi(听)+ble(表形容词, …的)→听得到的
实例:

(3) audit审计
记忆方法:由旁听衍生而来
实例:

(4) auditorium 大礼堂
记忆方法:audi(听)+rium(…地方, 参见aquarium)→听(演讲)的地方→大礼堂
实例:
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(5) auditory听觉的
记忆方法:audi(听)+tory→听觉的
实例:Human mind constantly depends on objects which are taken from visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory and tactile means.

(6) aural听觉的
记忆方法:aur(听)+al(表形容词)→听觉的
实例:The opera was an aural as well as a visual delight.

117.简单词 august八月, 有威严的
词根:-aug-(变形: aug, aux, auc) 增加(八月是水果丰收的时节→aug增加), 威严
同根词:

(1) augment增加
记忆方法:aug(增加)+ment→增加
实例:While searching for a way to augment the passive income, he started a part-time business.

(2) auction 拍卖
记忆方法:auc(增加)+tion→拍卖就只是从低往高拍: 增加→拍卖
实例:In an auction, items are sold without price tags––whoever bids the highest gets to buy it, whether it’s a painting, a car, or a set of old dishes.

(3) auxiliary 辅助的
记忆方法:aux(增加)+iliary(…的)→起到增加作用的→辅助的
实例:The government's first concern was to augment the army and auxiliary forces.

(4) inaugurate为...办理就职典礼
记忆方法:in(进入)+augur(威严)+ate→是进入威严的状态→进入重要的职位
实例:The new President will be inaugurated on January 20.

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118. 简单词vague不清楚的
词根:-vag- 游荡
同根词:

(1) extravagant浪费的
记忆方法:extra(额外)+vag(游荡)+ant→花额外的(钱)在外游荡→浪费的
实例:The coronation was an occasion for extravagant myth and sentiment.

(2) vagrant 流浪者
记忆方法:vag(游荡)+rant→流浪者
实例:He lived on the street as a vagrant.

(3) vagabond 流浪者,游手好闲者
记忆方法:vaga( =vag游走, 漫游)+ bond(联系)→ 四处游走的人→流浪汉
近义词: beggar
实例:She had no mind for the vagabond life of the poor relation.

119.简单词authority权威
词根:-auth-(变形:-aug-)权威
同根词:

(1) authentic 真正的
记忆方法:auth(权威)+entic→权威认证的→真正的
近义词: genuine
实例:She has authentic charm whereas most people simply have nice manners.

(2) august 威严的
记忆方法:aug(权威)+ust→权威的
实例:Being so near the august person of the Empress, he was overcome with awe.

120. 简单词guard守卫
词根:-guard-(变形: gard) 守卫

(1) vanguard先锋,先驱
记忆方法:van(=avant在前面)+guard(守卫)→守卫在前沿→先锋
实例:He is a vanguard in this profession.

(2) avant-garde 先锋的,前卫的
记忆方法:avant(在前)+gard(=guard)→先锋的
实例:avant-garde music

⑶ garrison守备部队
记忆方法:garr(=gard,guard)+ison(表名词)→守备部队
实例:A garrison is a group of soldiers whose task is to guard the town or building where they live.

难记词:
(41) vicissitudes 变迁兴衰
记忆方法:vic(变化的词根)+sit(坐)+tude(态度)→变化+静(坐而来)→由变而静又由静而变,反复更替→万物的兴衰变迁
实例:When you talk of the vicissitudes of life, you're referring to the difficult times that we all go through: sickness, job loss, and other unwelcome episodes. No one can escape the vicissitudes of life.

(42) stern严厉的
记忆方法:发音记忆:"死等"→很严厉
实例:The coaches were stern, urging the players not to back down and to hit anyone who hit them.

(43) austere简朴的, 严厉的
记忆方法:au(=eu好)+stere=stern(严厉的)→严厉的,朴素的
近义词: stern, simple, frugal
实例:A particular test will be whether he is willing and able to nudge Germany toward a less austere and constraining economic approach to southern Europe. (Washington Post, May 7, 2017)

(44) frugal简朴的
记忆方法:发音记忆: "腐乳够"→腐乳就够→节省的,简朴的
实例:He said there's a perception that they're spoiled and entitled when, in reality, they are more frugal and financially cautious than their parents' generation.

(45) devour吞食
记忆方法:de(下去)+vour(吃=vor)→吞食
实例:Amazon is devouring business that once belonged to an ecosystem of smaller competitors. (New York Times, Sep 26, 2017)

(46) avarice贪婪
记忆方法:记忆方法: av(一直)+var=vor(吃)→一直吃的→贪婪
实例:The plaque read: “This species became extinct through the avarice and thoughtlessness of man.”

(47) awkward不灵巧的
记忆方法:awk(来自拉丁语,turned the wrong way)+ward(方向,例如backward)
近义词: maladroit, inept, clumsy, gauche
实例:You could feel socially awkward, like when you forget the host's name. Or, you may feel physically awkward, like when you trip on your way to the podium.

(48)gauche不善交际的
记忆方法:来源于法语gauche(左边)→右手灵活(dexterity)而左手笨拙,另外这个词的发音很像“狗屎”笨得像狗屎
近义词: awkward, maladroit, inept, clumsy
实例:“Social media is supporting this change. Posting pictures of what you just bought is gauche; posting pictures of something you’re doing is fine.” (The Guardian, May 13, 2017)

(49)axiom公理
记忆方法:同atom原子一起记忆
实例:An axiom is a statement that everyone believes is true, such as "supply equals demand" or "the only constant is change."

(50)abash使害羞
记忆方法:ab(不)+ash(灰,灰白)→(脸色)不白即为红→使害羞
衍生: unabashed
实例:With an abashed look on his face, Mr. Comey walked up to Mr. Trump.

The biggest risk you take is not taking any risks!