GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Eighteen

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82.简单词 acronym 首字母缩写
词根:-nym-名字
同根词:

(1) anonymous 匿名的

记忆方法:an(无)+nym(名字)+ous→匿名的
实例: Mr. Page acknowledged to CNN that he was the anonymous person but said he was never recruited.

(2) antonym 反义词

记忆方法:ant(对抗)+nym(名字)→反义词
实例: word of the night was “empathy,” which liberals would be quick to read as an antonym of “Trump” and conservatives as code for Trump-bashing. (Los Angeles Times, Feb 27, 2017)

(3) synonym 同义词

记忆方法:syn(共同)+nym(名字)→同义词
衍生: synonymous
实例: I think probably synonyms are compassion and lovingkindness in the Buddhist tradition and forgiveness almost. (Washington Times, Apr 14, 2017 )

83.简单词 biology 生物学
词根:-bio-生物
同根词:

(1) antibiotic 抗菌的, 抗生素

记忆方法:anti(对抗)+bio(生物)+ic→抗菌的,抗生素
实例: An antibiotic is a substance used to kill bacteria.

(2) biography 传记

记忆方法:bio(生物)+graph(写作)→传记
实例: A biography is an account of somebody's life written by somebody else, complete with details of the most important parts.

⑶ autobiography 自传

记忆方法:auto(自动)+biography(传记)→自传
实例: Furious over his maintaining what she called a “counterproductive” strategy, she fled with her children to the family’s seaside villa and began writing her autobiography.(New York Times, May 3, 2017)

(4) biocide 杀虫剂

记忆方法:bio(生物)+cide(剪断)→杀虫剂
实例: The application of gaseous ozone as ( biocide ) is a questionable practice.

(5) symbiotic 共生的

记忆方法:sym(一起,共)+ bio(生命)+tic(形容词后缀)→一起生存的
实例: We refer to fungi that have a symbiotic relationship with the trees of these northwestern forests.

84.简单词 principle 原则,原理
词根:-cip-(变形: cip, cup) 抓住(hold)(principle=prin(主要的,来源于prime)+cip(抓住)+le→抓住主要的→原则,原理
同根词:

(1) principle 主要的

记忆方法:prin(主要的)+cip(抓住)+al→抓住主要的
实例: “We count very heavily on principles of behavior rather than loads of rules,” Buffett said.(Washington Times, May 6, 2017)

(2) anticipate 预测

记忆方法:anti(=ante前)+cip(抓住)+ate→抓住未来→预测
实例:Your dog might be waiting by the door, anticipating his next walk or squirrel chase.

(3) municipal 市政的

记忆方法:muni(社区)+cip(抓住)→抓住社区的→市政的
实例:The municipal government says it is trying to eradicate an "urban disease".

(4) participate 参与

记忆方法:part(部分)+cip(抓住)+ate→抓住成为一部分→参与
实例:They’re also working to get donations to sponsor kids who want to participate.

(5) emancipate 解放

记忆方法:e(出)+man(人,手)+cip(抓住)+ate→把抓住的人放出→解放
实例:For the female warriors like Taylor, the prospect of emancipating such victims is electrifying.

(6) incipient 最初的,开始的

记忆方法:in(进入)+cip(抓住)+ient→刚刚抓住要点→开始的
实例: This is just the incipient economic recovery.

(7)reciprocal 相互的;互惠的;倒数的,彼此相反的

记忆方法:1. re(再,重复)+ cip(拿)+ pro(向前)+cal(表示形容词…的)→一再拿东西给对方的=互相的,互惠的;
2. re(相反)+cip(拿)+pro(向前)+cal(表形容词)→拿相反的→倒数的
近义词: mutual
衍生: reciprocity
实例: 1.Our relationship is based on reciprocal respect. 2. (mathematics) the reciprocal of 2/3 is 3/2; the multiplicative inverse of 7 is 1/7.

(8) recipient 接受者,容器

记忆方法:re(再,重复)+cip(拿)+ient(表示名词,…的人或物)→一再拿的人=接受者,容器(实际为receive的一个名词,cip+ient视为ceive的变体)
实例:A suppressed immune system puts a transplant recipient at risk of other infections.

(9) recuperate v.(身体)恢复;弥补

记忆方法:re(回)+cup(拿)+er+ate(表动词)→ (健康)拿回来→ 恢复, 弥补,复原
衍生: recuperation n.
实例: I went away to the country to recuperate.

85.简单词 antique 古老的,古董
词根:-antiq-古老
同根词:

(1) antiquated 陈旧的,过时的

记忆方法:antiq(古老)+ate(表动词)+ed→古老的
近义词: primitive
实例:Many machines are so antiquated they are not worth saving.

(2)antiquity 古物

记忆方法:antiq(古老)+ity(表名词)→古物
实例:...famous monuments of classical antiquity...

⑶ antiquarian 古物研究者,古物的

记忆方法:antiq(古老)+rian(人)→古物研究者
实例:an antiquarian bookseller

86.简单词1. pass;2. passive; 1. 经过;2. 被动的;
词根:-pass-(变形: path)

1. 通过,经过;
2. 感情(feeling)-由通路衍生,头脑中的通路即为感情 (passive=pass(感情)+ive→感情用事→被动的);
3. 感情又衍生为痛苦(suffering),疾病(illness);
同根词:

(1) path 小路,小径

记忆方法:常见词

(2) compass 指南针, 做事的范围

记忆方法:com(共同)+pass(经过)→一起经过→做事的范围,衍生为指南针
实例:Long before we had GPS (Global Positioning System) devices, people used a magnetic instrument called a compass for navigation.

(3) encompass 包围

记忆方法:en(进入)+compass(做事的范围)→包围
实例:The course will encompass physics, chemistry and biology.

(4) passage 通过,通路,书的一章(节)

记忆方法:常见词

(5) trespass 侵犯,侵入私人领地

记忆方法:tres=trans(越过)+pass(通路)→横穿而过→侵犯
实例:They got prosecuted for trespass.

(6) passport 护照

记忆方法:常见词

(7) impasse 死路

记忆方法:im(不,非)+pass(通路)+e→不通路
近义词: corner
实例:The company says it has reached an impasse in negotiations with the union.

(8) passion 激情

记忆方法:常见词

(9) impassive 无动于衷的

记忆方法:im(无)+pass(感情)+ive→无感情的,无动于衷的
近义词: apathetic, unsympathic, unemotional, stoic
实例:The lawyer looked impassively at him and said nothing.
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