GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day sixteen

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71. 简单词 luxury 奢侈的,奢侈品
词根:lux-(变形: lux, lure, lus, lu, lur ) 光→引诱,奢侈
同根词:

(1) lure 引诱,魅力,鱼饵

记忆方法:lure(光) →引诱
实例: They did not realise that they were being lured into a trap.

(2) allure 吸引,引诱

记忆方法:al(to,一直)+lure→引诱
近义词: tempt, attract
实例: the allure of the big city

(3) lust 肉欲,强烈的欲望

记忆方法:lure(光) →引诱→强烈的欲望
实例: The mobs became driven by a crazed blood-lust to take the city.

(4) luscious 美味的,性感的

记忆方法:lus=lust+cious(多...的)→欲望(食欲,性欲)多的→美味的,性感的
实例: What I like most about Gabby is her luscious lips.

(5) translucent 半透明的

记忆方法: trans(透过)+luc(光亮)+ent→透过光亮的→半透明的
衍生: translucence
实例: The building is roofed entirely with translucent corrugated plastic.

(6) lubricate 润滑

记忆方法: lub(光)+ricate→使发光→润滑
实例: Mineral oils are used to lubricate machinery.

(7) lucrative 赚钱的

记忆方法:luc(光→钱财,奢侈)+rative→赚钱的
实例: Thousands of ex-army officers have found lucrative jobs in private security firms.

(8) luminous 发光的

记忆方法:lu(光)+minous→发光的
实例: This is one of the most luminous and unstable stars in our Galaxy.

(9) luminary n.发光体,杰出人物,泰斗

记忆方法:lu(光)+minous→发光的
实例: If you refer to someone as a luminary, you mean that they are an expert in a particular subject or activity.

(10) lucid 清楚的,明了易懂的

记忆方法:luc(光)+id→清楚
实例: His prose is always lucid and compelling.

(11) elucidate 阐明

记忆方法: e(出)+lucid(清楚)+ate→清楚说出→阐明
实例: The note help to elucidate the most difficult parts of the text.

(12) illuminate 照明

记忆方法: il(=in进入)+lumin(光)+ate→照明
实例: The black sky was illuminated by forked lightning.

(13) lackluster 无生气的,无光泽的

记忆方法: lack(缺乏)+luster(光)→无光彩的
实例: He does not want a dull lackluster life and hence prepares to start his own business.

(14) luxuriant 茂盛的

记忆方法: lux(光,奢侈)+uriant→繁茂的
近义词: lush
实例: There were two very large oak trees in front of our house with wide spreading branches and luxuriant foliage.

(15) luxurious 奢侈的

记忆方法: lux(光,奢侈)+urious(多...的)>奢侈的
实例: Their honeymoon was two days in Las Vegas at a luxurious hotel called Le Mirage.

(16) lurid 可怕的,骇人听闻的(暴力,性爱)

记忆方法:lur(引诱)+rid(抛弃)→应该被抛弃的引诱→可怕的
实例: Some reports have contained lurid accounts of deaths and mutilations.

(17) lush 茂盛的

记忆方法:lus(光)+h→阳光充足植物自然茂盛
近义词: luxuriant
实例: The beautifully landscaped gardens sprawl with lush vegetation.

(18) deluxe 高级的; 豪华的

记忆方法: de(法语词缀,表强调)+lux(光)+e→ 强调有光的→ 就上单词可知, 有光的都可引申为豪华的
实例: I liked the deluxe edition, but I could afford only a second best.

72. 简单词 ludic (见难记词表) 顽皮的
词根: -lud-玩弄
同根词:

(1) allude 暗指, 影射

记忆方法: al(to)+lude(玩弄)→玩弄人即拿别人开涮而不直接骂人→暗指
衍生: allusive
实例: She also alluded to her rival's past marital troubles.

(2) elude 逃避→因而错过,得不到

记忆方法: e(出)+lude(玩耍)→贪玩而跑出→逃避
实例: 1. The two men managed to elude the police for six weeks. 2. Finally he remembered the tiny detail that had eluded him the night before.

(3) elusive 难懂的, 难找的

记忆方法: elude衍生而来,elude后变得难找了→难找到答案,即难懂
近义词: abstruse, complicated, recondite
实例: A solution to the problem of toxic waste is proving elusive.

(4) illusive 幻影的,错觉的

记忆方法: il(=in进入)+lus(玩)+ive→进入玩乐中→幻影的
实例: illusive advertisement (虚假广告)

(5) ludicrous 荒谬的

记忆方法:ludic(顽皮的)+rous→顽皮过头→荒谬的
近义词: ridiculous
实例: It was ludicrous to think that the plan could succeed.

(5) prelude 前奏

记忆方法:pre(在前)+lude(玩)→玩在前面→前奏
实例: Indeed, teachers often use iCivics games as a prelude to more topical class conversations.

(6) postlude 后奏,终曲

记忆方法:post(在后)+lude(玩)→终曲
实例: Schumann rewards the pianist with a touching piano postlude to his cycle, reworking material from the opening song. (New York Times, Mar 10, 2016)

(7) collude 共谋

记忆方法:col(一起)+lude(玩)→共谋
近义词: conspire, complot
实例: Several people had colluded in the murder.

(9) delude 迷惑,哄骗

记忆方法:de(向下,向不好的方向)+lude(玩弄)→想不好的方向玩弄→迷惑
近义词: mislead, betray, fool, deceive, 衍生: delusion (错觉)
实例: Don't be deluded into thinking that we are out of danger yet.

73.简单词 pollute 污染
词根:-lut-洗(wash)(pollute=pol(=per到处)+lut(洗)→洗得到处都是→污染)
(变形: lut, luv, lug)
同根词:

(1) dilute 稀释

记忆方法: di(分开)+lute(洗)→分开洗→冲淡
实例: “By including rent-controlled units in their partnership, defendants are diluting the stock of affordable housing available to District residents,” the lawsuit says.(Washington Post, Apr 25, 2017 )

(2) ablution 沐浴, 宗教洗礼

记忆方法:ab(to一直)+lut(洗)→一直洗→沐浴

(3) antediluvian 圣经上大洪水之前,上古的

记忆方法:ante(先于)+diluv=dilute(冲洗)→大冲洗(洪水)之前

(4) deluge 大暴雨,洪水

记忆方法:de(向下)+luge(冲洗)→大暴雨,洪水
实例: This has brought a deluge of criticism.

(5) alluvial adj.(河流、洪水) 冲积的,淤积的

记忆方法:al(加强 )+luv(洗,冲)+ial(表形容词)→ 冲击的,淤积的
实例: Alluvial soils usually grow the best crops.

74. 简单词 lunar 月亮的
词根: -lun-月亮的
同根词:

(1) lunatic 疯狂的

记忆方法:狼人在满月的时候变化→lun(月亮)+atic→疯狂的
实例: He pleads for sanity in a lunatic world.

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