GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Thirty – Four

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157 null 空
词根:-null- 空 null, nil, nihil

(3).nullify 使无效

记忆方法:null(空)+ify(表动词)→使落空→ 使无效
实例:He may be able to nullify that disadvantage by offering a wider variety of produce.

(4).annul vt.宣告无效; 取消;使消失

记忆方法:an(加强)+nul(没有)→ 没有效果→ 无效,消失
实例:The marriage was annulled last month.

158 note 注释
词根:-not- 注释,注意

(1).annotate 注解

记忆方法:an(to)+not(note)+ate→注解
实例:I like to annotate when I read.

(2).notorious 臭名昭著的

记忆方法:not(注意)+orious(多...的)→收到很多人注意的→臭名昭著的
实例:a notorous computer hacker

(3).connotation n.内涵; 言外之意;[逻辑学]内涵(用来界定一个概念的属性)

记忆方法:con(共同,全部)+not(注释)+ ation(表名词)→ 知道注释全部的意思→ 内涵
实例:A good dictionary will give us the connotation of a word as well as its denotation.

(4).denotation 指示;[逻辑学]外延,属于某个概念的所以事物形成的类

记忆方法:de(强调)+not(注释)+ation→指示
实例:A good dictionary will give us the connotation of a word as well as its denotation.

159 anthropology (参见难记词表)
词根:-anthrop- 人类

(1).philanthropist 慈善家

记忆方法:phil(喜爱)+anthrop(人类)+ist→喜爱人类的人→慈善家 近义词: benefactor
实例: Instead, she portrayed herself as a philanthropist, eager to help old friends down on their luck.

(2).misanthropist 讨厌人类者

记忆方法:mis(不)+anthrop(人类)→不喜欢人的人
实例:Cake for "Misanthropists" distributed flyers, pointing to her position on migrants as their motive.

(3).anthropoid 类人猿

记忆方法:anthrop(人类)+oid(oid analogous类似物)→类人猿
实例:Man evolved from the anthropoid ape.

160 thesis 理论
词根:-thes- 放,观点

(1).antithesis 对比,对立面

记忆方法:anti(对抗)+thesis(理论)→相对抗的理论→对比,对照 衍生: antithetical
实例:the antithesis between instinct and reason

(2).synthesize vt.综合; 人工合成

记忆方法:syn(共同)+thes(放,观点)+ize(表动词)→ 放到一起→综合 衍生: synthesis n.
实例: A vitamin is a chemical compound that cannot be synthesized by the human body.

161 aphorism (参见难记词表) 格言
词根:-phor- 带来(bring)

(1).euphoria 幸福感

记忆方法:eu(优秀,从发音可以记忆)+phor(带来)+ia(状态)→带来好东西的状态→幸福感
实例:After the euphoria of yesterday's celebrations, the company will come down to earth today.

(2).dysphoria 烦躁不安

记忆方法:dys(不好)+phor(带来)+ia(状态,病)→烦躁不安
实例:The patients' pain and dysphoria were alleviated.

162 stand 站立
词根:-stat- 站立 stat, stin, stall, stit, stag

(1).static 静止的

记忆方法:stat(站立)+ic→站立的→静止的 近义词: stationary
实例:Economists predict that house prices will remain static for a long period.

(2).status 状态, 地位

记忆方法:stat(站立)+us→状态
实例:Will the West use its influence to maintain the status quo and not disrupt the flow of oil?

(3).apostasy 叛教

记忆方法:apo(远离)+stasy=stat(站立)→在远处站立→不再参与(教会活动)→叛教 近义词: traitor, betrayer, renegade
实例:If someone is accused of apostasy, they are accused of abandoning their religious faith, political loyalties, or principles.

(4).obstinate 固执的

记忆方法:ob(相反)+stin(站立)→和别人反着站→固执的 近义词: obdurate, opinionated
实例:She's too obstinate to let anyone help her.

(5).extant 现存的

记忆方法:ex(出)+stant(站立)→可以站出来的→现存的
实例:Two fourteenth-century manuscripts of this text are still extant.

(6).install 安装

记忆方法:in(入)+stall(站立)→站入→安装
实例:Security cameras have been installed in the city centre.

(7).forestall 预先阻止,先发制人

记忆方法:fore(在…前)+stall(站立)→预先阻止
实例:Large numbers of police were in the square to forestall any demonstrations.

(8).stagnant 不流动的,停滞的

记忆方法:stagn(=stand 站)+ant(形容词,表状态)→站着的→不流动的 近义词: still, sluggish, inactive
实例:He is seeking advice on how to revive the stagnant economy.

难记词

(119).babble 含糊不清地说,喋喋不休

记忆方法:联想记忆: 来源于bubble(泡沫→联想泡沫不断破碎发出的声音→含糊不清地说)
实例:I have no idea what he was babbling on about.

(120).badger 獾

记忆方法:来源于badge(标记)→獾这种动物头上有特殊的标记(两条黑条纹中间是白色的条纹)
实例:It was through him that Mr Jackson became hooked on watching the badgers in their natural habitat.

(121).badinage 玩笑

记忆方法:联想记忆: bad in age →带有岁数的坏东西→玩笑
实例:light-hearted badinage 轻松打趣

(122).banter 玩笑

记忆方法:联想记忆: banker爱快玩笑banter
实例:The soldiers bantered with him as though he was a kid brother.

(123).baleful 恶毒的

记忆方法:bale(包,捆,灾祸)→有害的,恶毒的 近义词: baneful
实例:a baleful look

(124).balk 畏缩不前

记忆方法:联想记忆: 看到恶狗barking→balk退缩不前
实例: Many people would balk at setting up a new business during a recession.

(125).barb 倒刺,尖锐的话

记忆方法:联想记忆: barbecue烧烤,烧烤用的烤架就是倒刺
实例:His jeering remarks had hidden barbs, and just went to prove how little he cared either way.

(126).bare 光秃秃的,暴露

记忆方法:常见词
实例:She was wearing only a thin robe over a flimsy nightdress, and her feet were bare.

(127).bard 诗人

记忆方法:联想记忆: 联想前面的barb→说尖锐话的人→诗人
实例:I can be a bard, a philosopher, an actor.

(128).barter 易货

记忆方法:常见词
实例:They have been bartering wheat for cotton and timber.

(129).bask 晒太阳

记忆方法:来源于bathe(洗澡→阳光浴)
实例:Lizards were basking in the morning sun.

The biggest risk you take is not taking any risks!