GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Three

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13. 简单词 test
词根- test- 测验,证据
同根词:

④attest 证明,为…作证
记忆方法:at(to,一直)+test(作证)→作证
实例: His beautifully illustrated book well attested his love of the university.

⑤testimony n.(法庭上证人的)证词;证明,证据
记忆方法:testi(证据)+mon(训诫)+y→证词
实例:His testimony was an important element of the Prosecution case.

⑥testimonial (通常由雇主出示的)证明书,纪念的
记忆方法:testi(证据)+mon(训诫)+ial(表形容词)→证明书
实例:She could hardly expect her employer to provide her with testimonials to her character and ability.

⑦testy adj.易怒的,脾气急躁的
记忆方法:test(证明)+y(表形容词)→ 在寻找证据证明的过程中总是急躁易怒的
近义词:impatient, irascible, irritable
实例:Lily's getting a little testy in her old age.

14.简单词 despite
词根-spite-( spic, spise, spect)看(衍生为恶意), despite=dis(不)+spite(看)→不看→不管,尽管
同根词:

①suspicious 可疑的
记忆方法:su(下面)+spic(看)+ious(形容词后缀)→在下面看的→怀疑
近义词:doubtful, wary, questionable
实例:The police inferred that they found her behavior rather suspicious.

②despise 轻视
记忆方法:de(离开)+spise(看)→看不起,轻视
近义词:(see abhor), 衍生:despicable
实例:Don't cheat at examination, or your classmates will despise you.

③perspicacious 明察秋毫的
记忆方法:per(全部)+spic(看)+acious(形容词后缀)→全部看到的→明察秋毫的
近义词:discerning, 衍生: perspicacity
实例:It is very perspicacious of you to find the cause of the trouble so quickly.

④conspicuous 明显的,出色的
记忆方法:con(共同)+spic(看)+uous(形容词后缀)→大家都看得到的→明显的→出色的
近义词:apparent, obvious, outstanding, prominent
实例:He made himself conspicuous for his great contributions to the various operational changes in Toyota.

⑤auspicious 有前途的,吉兆的
记忆方法:au=eu(好的)+spic(看)+ious→看出好兆头的→有前途的,好的
实例:His career as a professional trader has an auspicious start.

⑥prospect 希望
记忆方法:pro(向前)+spect(看)→希望
衍生:prospective 预期的, prospectus 计划书
实例:Unfortunately, there is little prospect of seeing these big questions answered.

⑦circumspect 谨慎的
记忆方法:circum(环绕)+spect(看)+ution→环绕着看→全部看透→谨慎的
近义词:cautious, prudent
实例:The banks should have been more circumspect in their dealings.

⑧speculation 推测,投机
记忆方法:spec(看)+ulation→推测
近义词:conjecture
实例:There is speculation that the attack was retribution for Russia's air raids on Islamist militants in Syria.

⑨retrospect 推测,投机
记忆方法:retro(回)+spect(看)→回顾
实例:In retrospect, I wish that I had thought about alternative courses of action.

⑩spectrum 光谱,系列
记忆方法:spect(看)+trum→光谱(可见光,不可见光)
实例:Politicians across the political spectrum have denounced the act.

⑪inspect 检查
记忆方法:in(向内)+spect(看)→检查
实例:The captain wants to inspect your kit.

⑫spectacle 眼镜;奇观
记忆方法:spect(看)+ acle→看→1.用来看的→眼镜 2.景象→奇观
衍生:spectacular
实例:1. thick spectacle frames
2. It was a spectacle not to be missed.

⑬spiteful 恶意的
记忆方法:spite(恶意,一直凶狠的看着→恶意)+ful(表形容词)→恶意的
实例:We crept into our little sister's bedroom and spitefully defaced her pop posters.

⑭respite n.休息期间;缓解,暂缓; 延期; (刑罚的)缓期执行
记忆方法:re(回,反)+spite(恶意,一直凶狠的看着→恶意)→ 将不好的事返回去→缓期→缓解
实例:1. The drug brought a brief respite from the pain.
2.The judge granted the condemned man a respite to enable his attorneys to file an appeal.

15.简单词 project
词根 -ject- 投掷
同根词:

①inject 注射,注入
记忆方法:in(入)+ject(投掷)→放入→注射
实例:When they injected the animals with a virus that killed only those cells, the mice stopped sighing, the researchers discovered.

②reject 拒绝,不同意
记忆方法:re(反复)+ject(投掷)→反复把问题丢来丢去不解决→拒绝
近义词:decline, dispose, refuse, dissent
实例:Industry groups rejected that argument and said the delaying of such standards is by no means the basis for a lawsuit.

③abject 可怜的(situation or quality),卑贱的(people)
记忆方法:ab(to)+ject(扔)→扔到一边→可怜的
实例:The abject poverty was caused by lack of courage.

④eject 投出
记忆方法:e(出)+ject(投掷)→投出
实例:Keona J. Johnson, a passenger, was ejected from the vehicle and pronounced dead at the scene.

⑤deject 使灰心
记忆方法:de(离开)+ject(投掷)→被扔开→使人沮丧
近义词:discourage, demoralize, demotivate
实例:The news dejects me.

⑥conjecture 推测
记忆方法:con(共同)+ject(投掷)+ure(名词后缀)→大家一起扔出(思想)→推测
近义词:guess, speculation
实例:That was a conjecture, not a fact.

⑦projectile 抛射物
记忆方法:pro(向前)+ject(投掷)+ile→从武器里面抛出来的东西→抛射物
实例:The vertical and horizontal motions of a projectile can be treated independently.

⑧trajactory n.[物]弹道,轨道;[几]轨线
记忆方法:tra(穿过,越过)+ject(扔,投,掷)+ory(表名词,物,场所)→ 物体扔出去后的越过的路径
实例:The missile deflected from its trajectory.

16.简单词 corrupt
词根 - rupt- 断 (corrupt=cor(一起)+rupt(断)→一起断,全断→腐败)
同根词:

①rupture (内脏器官)折断
记忆方法:rupt(断)+ure→ 折断
实例:His stomach might rupture from all the acid.

② erupt 爆发
记忆方法:e(出)+rupt(断)→断后喷出→爆发
实例:A rash, a volcano, applause, violence, all of these are things that are prone to erupt, meaning they suddenly become active.

③abrupt 突然的
记忆方法:ab(to)+rupt→一下子就断了→突然的
实例:The recession brought an abrupt halt to this happiness.

17.简单词 scissors剪刀
词根 -sciss- (变形sciss, scind, cide) ,来源于decide = de(加强)+cide(剪断)→一刀两断→下决心), cise
同根词:

①scission 切割,分裂
记忆方法:sciss(剪开)+ion(名词后缀)
近义词:accelerate, precipitate
实例:We will try our best to expedite your strategic plans.

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