41. 简单词 postpone 推迟
⑶ posterity 后代,后裔
实例：Their music has been preserved for posterity .
42. 简单词 here 这儿
⑴ adhere 粘着, adhere to 坚持
实例：YouTube will then evaluate whether the channel is adhering to its guidelines before letting it carry adverts.
⑵ inherent 固有的
实例：This process has an inherent fallacy.
⑶ coherent 一致的
实例：His comment is coherent to the lecture he delivered yesterday.
43. 简单词 monitor 管理,班长
⑴ monk 和尚
实例：China considers the monk, who fled to India in 1959 amid an uprising against Chinese rule in Tibet, a separatist seeking Tibet’s independence.
⑵ monastery 寺庙
记忆方法：mon(单独)+as+tery(名词词缀,表示行为或者地点) → monk所在的地点→寺庙,修道院
实例：A monastery is the building where monks live while they’re practicing their religion.
⑶ monarch 独裁者
实例：King John, the third of England’s Angevin monarchs, claimed lands in France to which the French also laid claim.
⑷ monolithic 巨石的
实例：The professional military always influences U.S. foreign policy, and military minds are hardly monolithic in their views.
⑸ monologue 独白, 长篇大论
实例：I thought there would be a sort of TED Talk in the middle of the show somewhere — maybe an eight-minute monologue.
⑹ monotonous 单调的
近义词：dull, repetitious, 衍生: monotony (n.)
实例：One particular day, I was attempting to buckle down and knock out several hours of important, but monotonous work.
⑺ admonish 劝告,告诫
近义词：scold, caution, 衍生: admonition
实例：He was admonished for taking risks of his health.
⑻ premonition (不详的)预感,预兆
实例：Tom had a real, genuine premonition of bad news.
⑼ sermonize 说教
记忆方法：ser=se(分开)+ moni(管理)+ ize(表动词)→说教
实例：The film attempts neither to dramatize nor sermonize.
44. 简单词 monarch 独裁
词根：-arch-(变形: arc )弓→拱形→统治(古代统治者才能用拱形的豪华大门)→古老
⑴ archer 弓箭手
实例：Trump and his entourage will pass a painting showing Russian archers slaughtering their enemies in medieval battle.
⑵ archery 箭术
实例：If you like to shoot arrows at a target with a bow, you're a fan of archery.
⑶ architecture 建筑学
实例：The computing architecture still in use today was first described by the mathematician John von Neumann and his colleagues in 1945.
⑷ arcade 商场,游乐中心;拱廊,连拱廊
实例：One can walk in the shade of the arcade when the sun is hot.
⑸ arcs 弧,弧线( arc的名词复数 ); 弧形物
实例：A rainbow arced gracefully over the town.
⑹ hierarchy [计]分层,层次;等级制度
实例：Like most other American companies with a rigid hierarchy, this company provides workers and managers with strictly defined duties.
⑺ anarchic 无政府主义的,无序的
实例：This was clearly portrayed by his anarchic attitudes and complete disrespect towards authority.
⑻ patriarch / matriarch 家长/女族长
实例：1. Ochs wants to restore his finances by marrying into a recently ennobled, nouveau-riche family whose patriarch, Faninal, is supplying the Empress’s army in the Netherlands.
2. "In difficult times, musicals cheer you up," agrees Jane Asher, whose role as a Parisian matriarch sees her sporting a French accent on stage.
⑼ archeology 考古学
实例：This type of dating technology is typically used in archeology to gauge the age of artifacts from the distant past.
⑽ archetype 原型
实例：Once I stepped into the costume of a well-worn cultural archetype, I got used to hearing other people’s theories about my life.
⑾ archaic 古老的
实例：Archaic practices such as these are usually put forward by people of limited outlook.
⑿ arcane 古老的
实例：The technique at one time was arcane in the minds of most chemists.
⒀ archive 档案
实例：It means that there will be no copies archived for historical purposes.
⒁ archipelago 群岛
实例：...the Azores, a rugged, volcanic archipelago of nine islands.
⒂ oligarchy 寡头统治
实例：Athens was suffering under the rule of an oligarchy that had no concern for the people's welfare.
⒃ overarching 支配一切的,首要的
实例：Home ownership has been an overarching and innate desire of the British.
45. 简单词 option 选择,期权
⑴ adopt 采纳,收养
实例：She struggles with the pressures of being both an abandoned orphan and an adopted child treated as precious by her white parents.