GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Nine

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41. 简单词 postpone 推迟
词根:-post- 在后面
同根词:

⑶ posterity 后代,后裔
记忆方法:post(在后)+ erity(表名词)→后代
实例:Their music has been preserved for posterity .

42. 简单词 here 这儿
词根:-here- 这儿
同根词:

⑴ adhere 粘着, adhere to 坚持
记忆方法:ad(to)+here(这儿)→一直在这儿→黏住
衍生:adhesion
实例:YouTube will then evaluate whether the channel is adhering to its guidelines before letting it carry adverts.

⑵ inherent 固有的
记忆方法:in(内部)+here(这儿)→自身内部→与生俱来的,固有的
实例:This process has an inherent fallacy.

⑶ coherent 一致的
记忆方法:co(一起)+here(这儿)→全在这儿→一致的
实例:His comment is coherent to the lecture he delivered yesterday.

43. 简单词 monitor 管理,班长
词根:-mon- 本意为单个,衍生意义是统治,因此这个词根有这两个意思
简单词:

⑴ monk 和尚
记忆方法:mon(单独)+k →独身一人(不能结婚)→僧侣
实例:China considers the monk, who fled to India in 1959 amid an uprising against Chinese rule in Tibet, a separatist seeking Tibet’s independence.

⑵ monastery 寺庙
记忆方法:mon(单独)+as+tery(名词词缀,表示行为或者地点) → monk所在的地点→寺庙,修道院
实例:A monastery is the building where monks live while they’re practicing their religion.

⑶ monarch 独裁者
记忆方法:mon(单独)+arch(统治)→独裁者
近义词:dictator
实例:King John, the third of England’s Angevin monarchs, claimed lands in France to which the French also laid claim.

⑷ monolithic 巨石的
记忆方法:mono(单独的)+lith(石头)+ic →单独的石头→巨石的
实例:The professional military always influences U.S. foreign policy, and military minds are hardly monolithic in their views.

⑸ monologue 独白, 长篇大论
记忆方法:mono(单独的)+ logue(说话)→独白
实例:I thought there would be a sort of TED Talk in the middle of the show somewhere — maybe an eight-minute monologue.

⑹ monotonous 单调的
记忆方法:mono(单独)+ ton(声音)+ous(表形容词)→单调的
近义词:dull, repetitious, 衍生: monotony (n.)
实例:One particular day, I was attempting to buckle down and knock out several hours of important, but monotonous work.

⑺ admonish 劝告,告诫
记忆方法:ad(一直)+mon(管理)+ish(表动词)→一直管理→ 告诫,劝告
近义词:scold, caution, 衍生: admonition
实例:He was admonished for taking risks of his health.

⑻ premonition (不详的)预感,预兆
记忆方法:pre(先,前)+mon(管理)+ition(表名词)→在前警告的→预兆
实例:Tom had a real, genuine premonition of bad news.

⑼ sermonize 说教
记忆方法:ser=se(分开)+ moni(管理)+ ize(表动词)→说教
实例:The film attempts neither to dramatize nor sermonize.

44. 简单词 monarch 独裁
词根:-arch-(变形: arc )弓→拱形→统治(古代统治者才能用拱形的豪华大门)→古老
简单词:

⑴ archer 弓箭手
记忆方法:arch(弓)+er(人)→弓箭手
实例:Trump and his entourage will pass a painting showing Russian archers slaughtering their enemies in medieval battle.

⑵ archery 箭术
记忆方法:archer(弓)+y(表名词)→箭术
实例:If you like to shoot arrows at a target with a bow, you're a fan of archery.

⑶ architecture 建筑学
记忆方法:arch(拱形)+tecture→研究拱形的→建筑学
实例:The computing architecture still in use today was first described by the mathematician John von Neumann and his colleagues in 1945.

⑷ arcade 商场,游乐中心;拱廊,连拱廊
记忆方法:arc(拱形)+ade(表名词,表示"状态,物品"; )→拱形廊道→拱廊→室内商场
实例:One can walk in the shade of the arcade when the sun is hot.

⑸ arcs 弧,弧线( arc的名词复数 ); 弧形物
记忆方法:arc(表示弓形)→ 弧形从弓形演变而来
实例:A rainbow arced gracefully over the town.

⑹ hierarchy [计]分层,层次;等级制度
记忆方法:hier(=holy 神圣的)+archy(统治)→等级统治
实例:Like most other American companies with a rigid hierarchy, this company provides workers and managers with strictly defined duties.

⑺ anarchic 无政府主义的,无序的
记忆方法:an(无)+arch(统治)+ic→无统治的→无政府主义的
实例:This was clearly portrayed by his anarchic attitudes and complete disrespect towards authority.

⑻ patriarch / matriarch 家长/女族长
记忆方法:patri(父亲的)+arch(统治)/matri(母亲的)+arch(统治)
实例:1. Ochs wants to restore his finances by marrying into a recently ennobled, nouveau-riche family whose patriarch, Faninal, is supplying the Empress’s army in the Netherlands.
2. "In difficult times, musicals cheer you up," agrees Jane Asher, whose role as a Parisian matriarch sees her sporting a French accent on stage.

⑼ archeology 考古学
记忆方法:arch(古老)+ology(学科)→考古学
实例:This type of dating technology is typically used in archeology to gauge the age of artifacts from the distant past.

⑽ archetype 原型
记忆方法:arche(古老)+type(类型)→原型
实例:Once I stepped into the costume of a well-worn cultural archetype, I got used to hearing other people’s theories about my life.

⑾ archaic 古老的
记忆方法:arch(古老)+ic →古老的
实例:Archaic practices such as these are usually put forward by people of limited outlook.

⑿ arcane 古老的
记忆方法:arc(古老)+ane→古老而神秘的
实例:The technique at one time was arcane in the minds of most chemists.

⒀ archive 档案
记忆方法:arch(古老)+ive(表形容词)→古老的文件→档案
衍生:archival
实例:It means that there will be no copies archived for historical purposes.

⒁ archipelago 群岛
记忆方法:arch(古老)+pelago(浮游物)→古老的浮游物堆积形成→群岛
实例:...the Azores, a rugged, volcanic archipelago of nine islands.

⒂ oligarchy 寡头统治
记忆方法:olig(少数)+archy(统治)→寡头统治
实例:Athens was suffering under the rule of an oligarchy that had no concern for the people's welfare.

⒃ overarching 支配一切的,首要的
记忆方法:over(在...之上)+arch(统治)+ing→首要的
实例:Home ownership has been an overarching and innate desire of the British.

45. 简单词 option 选择,期权
词根:-opt-(变形:opsis)选择,还有一个意思是视力
同根词:

⑴ adopt 采纳,收养
记忆方法:ad(一直)+opt(选择)→反复选出来的→采纳,收养
实例:She struggles with the pressures of being both an abandoned orphan and an adopted child treated as precious by her white parents.

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