GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Forty – Three

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200."1. card,卡片; 2. cardinal,主要的; 3. according,根据;"

词根:-card- "1. 卡片,纸; 2. 心脏; 3. 一致;"
变形:card, cord, cart, chart,cardi, cardio

(7).cardiovascular adj.心血管的

记忆方法:cardio(心脏)+vascular(血管的)→心血管的
实例:Smoking places you at serious risk of cardiovascular and respiratory disease.

(8).cartel n.企业联合;垄断联盟;俘虏交换条约

记忆方法:cart(纸)+el(表名词,物)→纸上物→企业联合
实例:Since a cartel has most of the problems of a monopoly in addition to problems of its own, I shall discuss monopolies first.

(9).cartography n.制图学,制图法

记忆方法:carto(=cart 纸)+graph(写,图)+y(表名词)→ 把图画在纸上→制图学,制图法
实例: Engineering cartography is a subject characteristic of practice.

(10).carton n.尤指装食品或液体的)硬纸盒;塑料盒vt.用盒包装

记忆方法:cart(纸)+on(表名词)→用纸做的物→硬纸盒
实例:a two-pint carton of milk.

(11).charter n. 许可证; 纲领; 宪章vt.发给…许可证

记忆方法:chart(纸)+er(表名词,…的物)→ 纸上物→ 许可证,宪章
实例:This new law amounts to a tax evader's charter.

201.cast 投掷

词根:-cast-

(1).castigate 惩罚,严厉批评

记忆方法: cast(投掷)+gate(门)→扔到门口→惩罚,严厉批评近义词: censure
实例: She castigated him for having no intellectual interests.

(2).downcast 情绪低下的

记忆方法:down(下)+cast(扔)→扔到下面→情绪低下的 (联想deject)
实例:She looked increasingly downcast as defeat loomed.

202.category 类别

(1).categorical 绝对的,无条件的

记忆方法:专门记忆才行
实例:They totally and categorically deny the charges.

203.cathedral 大教堂

词根:-cathe- 净化(记忆:教堂乃净化心灵的地方)
变形:catho

(1).Catholic/catholic 天主教的/普遍的

记忆方法:catho(教堂)+lic(表形容词)→天主教的→信教是普遍的
实例: Roman Catholic Church/ She has catholic tastes

(2).cathartic 起到宣泄作用的,通便的

记忆方法:cath(净化)+artic→起到宣泄作用→通便的
实例:His laughter was cathartic, an animal yelp that brought tears to his eyes.

204.censor 审查

词根:-cens- 判断(=judge)

(1).census 人口普查

记忆方法:cens(查)+us(表名词)→人口普查
实例: The government removed this question from its survey in the 1940 census.

(2).censure 严厉批评,责难

记忆方法:cens(查)+ure(ure常跟在s结尾的词根后表示状态,行为) 近义词: castigate
实例:The ethics committee may take a decision to admonish him or to censure him.

205.chronicle 编年史

词根:-chron- 时间

(1).chronological 按照时间顺序的

记忆方法:chron(时间)+logical(逻辑的)→符合时间逻辑的→按照时间顺序的
实例:We arranged the documents in chronological order.

(2).chronic 慢性的,长期的

记忆方法:chron(时间)+ic(表形容词)→长期的
实例:chronic arthritis

(3).synchronous 同步的

记忆方法:syn(同)+chron(时间)+ous→同步的 衍生: synchronize
实例: The software supports most synchronous communications cards.

(4).anachronism 年代错误,过时的东西

记忆方法:ana(错,分开)+chron(时间)→年代错误
实例:The monarchy is seen by many people as an anachronism in the modern world.

206.circle 圆,周期

词根:-circ- 圆, 周期

(1).circumvent 规避

记忆方法:circu(圆)+vent(走)→绕着圈子走→规避
实例:America won't countenance any such circumvention of the sanctions.

(2).circuitous 迂回的

记忆方法:circu(圆)+itous→迂回的
实例:The cabdriver took them on a circuitous route to the police station.

(3).circumscribe 限制

记忆方法:circum(圆圈)+scribe(画)→画个圆圈→限制
实例:There are laws circumscribing the right of individual citizens to cause bodily harm to others.

(4).circadian 生理节奏的

记忆方法:circ(周期)+adian→(生理,昼夜)周期的
实例:circadian rhythm

难记词

210.canine 犬的

记忆方法:can(犬)+ine→犬的

211.canoe 独木舟

记忆方法:联想记忆: cane(茎,棒)中间有个空(o)→独木舟

212.canter 慢跑

记忆方法:联想记忆: cant(唱歌,参见chant)+er(人)→唱歌的人→边跑边唱→慢跑

213.canvass 游说,拉选票/征询公共意见

记忆方法:联想记忆: 这个单词就是来源于canvas(帆布)→打着帆布做成的标语到街上拉选票

214.careen 1) 猛冲 2) 船倾斜

记忆方法:联想记忆: career就是要向前冲→冲太快就"倾斜"了

215.caramel 焦糖,太妃糖

记忆方法:联想记忆: ca=calory+ra=rat+ml=melt(大量卡路里的,老鼠爱吃的,容易融化的→太妃糖)

216.cartographer 地图测绘员

记忆方法:carto(=cart 运货马车)+grapher(绘图员)→古时候的绘图员是驾着马车去测绘的

217.catcall (反对的)嘘声

记忆方法:cat(猫)+call(叫)→不满之声

218.catechism (教义的)问答教学

记忆方法:联想记忆: c=question+a=answer+tech=teach+ism

219.caucus 干部会议,帮派

记忆方法:发音记忆: cau=靠+us(我们)→靠我们→干部会议

The biggest risk you take is not taking any risks!