GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Ten

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45. 简单词 option 选择,期权
词根:-opt-(变形:opsis)选择,还有一个意思是视力
同根词:

⑵ optional 可选择的; 随意的

记忆方法:option(选择)+al(表形容词)→ 可选择的
实例:He said to rely on your child's doctor to let you know when antibiotics are necessary and when they are optional.

⑶ synopsis 摘要

记忆方法:syn(共同)+opsis(选择)→共同选择出来的→摘要
衍生:synoptic 摘要的
实例:For each title there is a brief synopsis of the book.

⑷ optic 眼睛的,视觉的

记忆方法:opt(视力)+ic(表形容词)→视力的
实例:Sunlight can also come in on fibre-optic cables.

⑸ optics 光学

记忆方法:optic(眼睛的)+s→ 光学就是研究光和我们眼睛是如何看见事物的学科
实例:If such materials became generally available to the optics industry the payoffs from such a breakthrough would be enormous.

⑹ myopic 近视的,目光短浅的

记忆方法:my(我的)+opic(眼光)→近视的(多数中国学生都是近视眼)
实例:The Government still has a myopic attitude to spending.

⑺ optician 眼睛商

记忆方法:optic(视力)+ian(表名词,…的人)→拯救你视力的人
实例:Some may need specialist treatment at the optician's.

46. 简单词 adorn (参见难记词表) 装饰
词根:-orn- 装饰
同根词:

⑴ ornate 华美的

记忆方法:orn(装饰)+ate→华美的
实例:Eventually, they reached a pair of ornately carved doors.

⑵ ornament 装饰,装饰物

记忆方法:orn(装饰)+a+ment(表名词)→ 装饰
实例:It is, in fact, the most exuberant, elaborate, and ornamented of all plumed birds.

⑶ suborn 收买(以做假证)

记忆方法:sub(在下面)+orn(装饰)→在下面装饰→把钱放在桌子底下送出去→收买
实例:He was charged with conspiracy to suborn witnesses.

47. 简单词 universe 宇宙
词根:-vers-(变形:verse, vert, veer) 旋转(uni(独一)+verse(转)→旋转(运动)着的一切→宇宙)
同根词:

⑴ averse 反对的 (a strong feeling of dislike)

记忆方法:a(不)+verse(转)→不再转→反对的
实例:The management is not averse to the idea of operational re-engineering but we still need to work hard to acquire its full support.

⑵ versed 熟练的,精通的

记忆方法:vers(转→钻研)→熟练的
近义词: adroit
实例:He is well versed in many styles of jazz.

⑶ conversant 熟练的,熟悉的

记忆方法:converse(谈话,联想conversation)→谈久了就熟悉了→熟悉的
近义词:familiar
实例:Those in business are not, on the whole, conversant with basic scientific principles.

⑷ adverse 不利的,反对的(something harmful)

记忆方法:ad(一直)+verse(转)→一直都在转→转晕了→不利的
注意:Adverse and averse are both turn-offs, but adverse is something harmful, and averse is a strong feeling of dislike. Rainstorms can cause adverse conditions, and many people are averse to rain.
实例:Lack of money will have an adverse effect on the initiative.

⑸ diversity 多样性

记忆方法:di(分开)+vers(转)+ity→分开转的→不同的→多样性
实例:When there's diversity, there's variety.

⑹ versatile 多用途的,多才多艺的

记忆方法:vers(转)+atile(容易的)→容易转的→多用途的,多才多艺的
实例:Never before has computing been so versatile.

⑺ inverse 相反的

记忆方法:in(反)+verse(转)→相反方向转→相反的
实例:There is often an inverse relationship between the degree of hierarchy in an organization and its efficiency.

⑻ traverse 横越,横贯

记忆方法:tra(=tran横过,穿过)+vers(转)+e→横越
实例:I traversed the narrow pedestrian bridge.

⑼ revert 恢复(以前的状态,制度或者行为)

记忆方法:re(回到+vert(转)→转回→恢复
实例:Her boss became increasingly depressed and reverted to smoking heavily.

⑽ invert 倒转

记忆方法: in(反)+vert转)→反过来转→翻转
实例:The global chart was unusual in sloping up, down, then upwards again, like an inverted S on its back, or an elephant raising its trunk.

⑾ avert 防止,避免

记忆方法::a(不)+vert(转)→防止
实例:Talks with the teachers' union over the weekend have averted a strike.

⑿ divert 转移; 转移注意力

记忆方法:di(分开)+vert(转)→转移注意力
实例:Big institutional investors are also diverting more money to the hedge fund firms that use computer-driven hedge fund strategies.

⒀ advert 提到,=advertisement

记忆方法:联想advertisement
实例:An advert for Calvin Klein underwear featuring 73-year-old Lauren Hutton looks set to reignite the debate about ageism in the fashion industry.

⒁ advertent 注意的

记忆方法:ad(一直)+vert(转)+ent→注意的,留意的(advertisement也是为了让人注意)
衍生:inadvertent
实例:The inadvertent convert didn't advert to how to avert the diverted culvert.

⒂ extroverted 性格外向的

记忆方法:extro(外)+vert(转)→外向的
实例:Some young people who were easy-going and extroverted as children become self-conscious in early adolescence.

⒃ introverted 性格内向的

记忆方法:intro(内)+vert(转)→内向的
实例:The world which the book inhabits seems too self-consciously literary, too introverted.

⒄ veer 使改变方向;(谈话、行为或思想)离开主题

记忆方法:veer 转
实例:He is unlikely to veer from his boss's strongly held views.

⒅ vertex <数>(三角形、圆锥等的)顶; (三角形、多边形等的)角的顶点
—————————————
记忆方法:vert(旋转)+ex→顶点
实例:the vertex of a mountain.

⒆ vertical 垂直的,竖立的

记忆方法:vert(转)+ical(表形容词,…的)→ 转直→ 垂直的
实例:The gadget can be attached to any vertical surface.

⒇ vertigo 眩晕,头晕

记忆方法:vert(转)+i(我)+go(走)→ 我一边走一边转→结果就是眩晕
实例:If you have vertigo it seems as if the whole room is spinning round you.

(21) verve 气魄, 神韵, 热情, 活力

记忆方法:verv(转)+e→转动→ 热情,活力→ 气魄, 神韵
实例:It was a performance of verve and vitality.

(22) vortex 漩涡;(动乱,争论等的)中心

记忆方法:vort(=vert 转)+ex→ 水不停转形成漩涡; 风不停转形成旋风→ 动乱, 争论不停转→舆论的漩涡, 无法控制的处境
实例:When marriages break down children are swept into the vortex of their parents' embittered emotions.

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