GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Fourteen

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60. 简单词 dialogue 对话
词根: -log-(变形:log, loc,loq )说
同根词:

(6) apologue 寓言

记忆方法:apo(离开,见难记词表中的apogee)+logue(说)→事情发生后说→寓言
实例:This 40-minute symphony is known by the title of its first movement:“Apologue: Of Rage and Remembrance.” ( New York Times, Mar 19, 2014)

(7) philology 语言学

记忆方法:philo(喜爱)+logy(说)→喜欢研究说的学问→语言学
实例:Philology is the study of words, especially the history and development of the words in a particular language or group of languages.

(8) circumlocution 迂回的说

记忆方法:circum(环绕)+loc(说)+ution→绕着弯子说
实例:Even without government circumlocution, enough was fuzzy about the deal to have investors worried. (Economist, Jun 14, 2012)

(9) elocution 演说术

记忆方法:e(出)+loc(说)+ution→演说术
衍生:eloquent 雄辩的
实例:Sher delivers an eloquent performance in which words are caressed, sentences are elucidated, and the art of elocution is grandly paraded. (Los Angeles Times, Nov 30, 2016)

(10) loquacious 多嘴的

记忆方法:loq(说)+uacious→不停的说→多嘴的
实例: You can also call them chatty or gabby, but either way, they're loquacious.

(11) colloquial 口语的

记忆方法:col(共同)+loqu(说)→大家都说的→口语的
实例:Colloquial language is casual and conversational: it's the difference between "What are you going to do?" and "Whatchagonnado?"

(12) tautological 同义反复的

记忆方法:tauto(相同)+logical(表形容词,…学科的)→对同一件事说同样的几句话→ 同义反复的
实例:"Safe" and "reliable" are tautological .

61. 简单词 diagnosis 诊断
词根: -gno- (变形:gno, gni, cogn(来源于recognize), connois, connais) 知道
同根词:

(1) ignore 忽略

记忆方法:i(不)+gno(知道)+re→不知道是因为忽略了
实例:Early columns discussed the potential for a stock-market crash and why so many of us ignore the huge financial risk of living too long. (Seattle Times, Apr 22, 2017)

(2)ignorant 无知的

记忆方法:i(不)+gno(知道)+rant→无知的
实例:“Trump is so ignorant that he’s ignorant of his own ignorance,” he said. (The Guardian, Apr 25, 2017 )

(3)agnostic 不可知论者,不可知论的

记忆方法:a(不)+gno(知道)+stic→不可知论的
实例:An agnostic believes that it is not possible to know whether God exists or not.

(1) prognosis 前景

记忆方法:pro(向前)+gno(知道)+sis→前景
实例:The prognosis for the economy is uncertain.

(2) cognitive 认知的;认识的

记忆方法:cogn(知道)+itive(表形容词)→ 知道的→认知的
实例:As children grow older, their cognitive processes become sharper.

(3) Connoisseur n.鉴赏家,鉴定家;行家,内行,权威

记忆方法:connoiss(=cogn知道)+ eur(表名词,…的人)→知道的人
实例:Sarah tells me you're something of an art connoisseur.

(4) reconnaissance 侦察或观测(尤指为军事目的),(执行侦察任务的)巡逻队\飞行队等;勘探; 选点; 勘查
————————————
记忆方法:re(一再)+connais(=cogn认出)+ance(表名词)→ 不停尝试去辨认→侦查,勘察
实例:The helicopter was returning from a reconnaissance mission.

62. 简单词 agony 痛苦(见难记词表)
词根:-agon- 斗争(struggle)
同根词:

⑴ agonize 使痛苦

记忆方法:agon(斗争)+ize(表动词,使……)→斗争必然带来痛苦
实例:Perhaps he was agonizing over the moral issues involved.

⑵ antagonize 使成为对手,使对立

记忆方法:ant(对抗)+agon(斗争)+ize→使得相互对抗斗争→使对立
衍生: antagonistic对抗的
实例:“If the foreign policy of the United States ends up antagonizing vast numbers of nations then how do you win a popularity contest?” (The Guardian, Apr 28, 2017)

63. 简单词 acrobat 杂技演员
词根:-acro- acro(高点)+bat(打斗)→在高处打斗→杂技演员(见过Adobe Acrobat这个软件么?知道adobe和acrobat的意思么?)
同根词:

⑴ acronym 首字母缩写

记忆方法:acro(高点)+nym(=name)→把名字的第一个字母提出来→首字母缩写
实例:An acronym is a word composed of the first letters of the words in a phrase, especially when this is used as a name.

⑵ acrophobia 恐高症

记忆方法:acro(高)+phobia(恐惧)→恐高症
实例:She has acrophobia and always becomes dizzy in a high - rise elevator.

64. 简单词 acrophobia 恐高症
词根:-phob- 恐惧、厌恶
简单词:

⑴ phobia 恐惧,恐惧症

记忆方法:phob(dislike)+ia(病)→恐惧症
实例:The woman has a phobia about taking a plane.

⑵ xenophobia 仇外,排外

记忆方法:xeno(外来的,外国的,陌生人)+phobia(恐惧,厌恶)→对外来的事物,人仇恨→仇外,排外
实例:They are nationalist to the point of xenophobia.

⑶ hydrophobia 狂犬病

记忆方法:hydro(水)+phob(dislike)+ia(病)=狂犬病
近义词:rabies
实例:He had symptoms of hydrophobia — the sight of water, the thought of swallowing, caused excruciating throat spasms. (New York Times, Nov 4, 2014)

⑷ Sinophobe 排华的

记忆方法:sino(中国的,例如Sinopec中石油)+phobe(恐惧)→恐惧中国→排华的
实例:He should nonetheless hold his nerve against the knee - jerk Sinophobe, especially in the case of trade.

⑸ agoraphobia 对开阔地恐惧症

记忆方法:agora(=agr土地,参见agriculture)+phobia(恐惧)→对大地,即开阔地方,恐惧
实例:Agoraphobia is the fear of open or public places.

⑹ claustrophobia 幽闭恐惧症

记忆方法:clause(语法中的从句,指收到限制的句子→限制)+phobia(恐惧)→幽闭恐惧症
实例:Someone who suffers from claustrophobia feels very uncomfortable or anxious when they are in small or enclosed places.

65. 简单词 alien 外国的
词根:-ali-其他的(other)
同根词:

⑴ alienate 使疏远

记忆方法:alien(外国的)+ate→把别人当做外国人→疏远
实例:Very talented children may feel alienated from the others in their class.

⑵ alias 化名

记忆方法:ali(别的)+as→别的(名字)→化名
实例:The name Darren was an alias he used to avoid the police.

⑶ alienable 可转让的

记忆方法:ali(别的)+able(可…的)→可给别人的→可转让的
实例:Saying something is alienable is equivalent to say that it is transferrable to the others.

66. 简单词1. lecture; 2. select; 3. legal; 讲座/ 选择/ 法律的
1.lecture,2.select,3.legal
词根:-lect-; -leg-; -lig-;(变形:lect, leg, lig ) 1. 说; 2. 选择; 3. 法律;
同根词:

⑴ legible 可读的

记忆方法:leg(说)+ible(可…的)→可说出的→易读的
反义词:illegible
实例:My handwriting isn't very legible.

⑵ allege 断言

记忆方法:al(一直)+leg(说)→断言
近义词:assert, proclaim, insist, declare
实例:She alleged that there was rampant drug use among the male members of the group.

⑶ allegory 寓言(强调讽刺意味)

记忆方法:al(一直)+leg(说)+ory→寓言
近义词:fable, parable, apologue
实例:The play is being widely read as an allegory of imperialist conquest.

⑷ elect 选举

记忆方法:e(出)+lect(选择)→选出→选举
实例:The Ivanka Trump brand also applied for nine new trademarks in Puerto Rico, the Philippines, Canada and the U.S. after her father was elected president. (Seattle Times, Apr 21, 2017)

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