GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Twenty- one

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95. 简单词private私人的
词根: -priv- (变形: priv, prim, prin, pris, prig ) 单个, 首个
同根词:

(1) privilege 特权
记忆方法:priv(单独, 首个)+leg(法律)→法律赋予的单个人的超出他人的(首要)权利→特权
实例:When asked if she thinks affordable healthcare is a right or a privilege for U.S. citizens, McCullough said it was a "definitely" a privilege. (Los Angeles Times, May 15 2018)

(2) deprive 夺取
记忆方法:de(除去)+prive(单个)→从个人身上拿走→剥夺
实例:This law will deprive people of the most basic rights.

(3) privacy 个人隐私
记忆方法:priv(单独)+acy(表名词)→单独一个人的事
实例:The dark, below-street-level interior also lends a cloak of privacy. (Washington Post, May 11, 2017)

(4) prime 首要的
记忆方法:prim(首个)+e→首要的
实例:If something is in its prime, it is at its best.

(5) privatize 使私有化;使归私有
记忆方法:privat(=private私有的)+ize(表动词,使…化)→使私有化
实例:The government's first effort to privatize a company has been a roaring success.

(6) primitive 原始的
记忆方法:prim(首个)+itive(表形容词)→首个的→原始的
近义词: antique
实例:It retains a rather primitive anatomy while evolving in parallel with the branch of the human family tree that eventually results in modern humans.

(7) primordial原始的,出生的
记忆方法:prim(首个)+ordi(顺序)+al→首个的,原始的
实例:Primordial, an adjective, describes something that has been around forever, like cockroaches.

(8)primeval原始的
记忆方法:prim(首个)+ev(时代)+ial→原始的
实例:Use primeval when you want to suggest something has existed from the beginning. The Big Bang? Dinosaur bones? Ancient trees? Yep — primeval.

(8) pristine原始的,崭新的
记忆方法:pris(首个)+tine→首次的,崭新的
实例:This book is in pristine condition.

(9) prig自命不凡者
记忆方法:prig=prim(首要)→认为自己是首要→自命不凡者
近义词: snob, arrogant 衍生: priggish
实例:Buffoons, ninnies and prigs are not the stuff of historical curiosity.

(10) prim循规蹈矩的,古板的→衍生为整洁的
记忆方法:守规矩是基本的
实例:We tend to imagine that the Victorians were very prim and proper.

(12)primacy 首位,第一位
记忆方法:prim(首要)+ acy(表名词,状态)→首位
实例:He embraces the belief in the primacy of the family.

(13)privation(必需品)匮乏
记忆方法:priv(单个)+ation→生活用品食品等都只剩下一个→匮乏
实例:They endured five years of privation during the second world war.

(14) primate 灵长目动物的;首要的
记忆方法:prim(首个)+er(表名词,物)→第一本书 → 入门书, 启蒙读物
实例:14 per cent of primate species are highly endangered.

(15) primer启蒙读本;入门书
记忆方法:priv(单个)+y(表形容词)→ 个人的, 私人的→ 允许知情的
实例:I borrowed from the library a primer of phonetics.

(16) privy允许知情的
记忆方法:priv(单个)+y(表形容词)→ 个人的, 私人的→ 允许知情的
实例:Only three people, including a policeman, will be privy to the facts.

96. 简单词 agriculture农业
词根:-agr-(变形: agr, ar,egr, agora,agrar) 土地
同根词:

(1) agronomy农业经济学
记忆方法:agr(土地)+onomy(=economy)→农业经济学
实例:He eventually earned his doctorate in agronomy from the University of Nebraska.

(2) agrarian 土地的
记忆方法:agrar(土地)+ian(表形容词)→土地的
近义词: agricultural
实例:America has highly developed agrarian economy.

(3)peregrination游历
记忆方法:per(全)+egr(土地=agr)+nation→所有土地都去→游历
实例:He experienced different cultures during his peregrination.

(3) arable适合耕种的
记忆方法:ar(土地=agr)+able→可耕种的
实例:The soil proved too infertile to sustain real pasture or arable crops.

97. 简单词arboreal(参见难词表)树木的
词根:-abor-树木
同根词:

(1) arboretum植物园
记忆方法:arbor(树木)+etum→植物园
实例:The arboretum is full of exotic flowers and rare herbs.

(2) arboriculture 树木的栽培
记忆方法:arbor(树木)+culture(培育)→树木的栽培
实例:One charity that aims to promote the arboriculture additions to urban environments is UK-based Trees for Cities. (BBC, Oct 31, 2016)

98.简单词 democracy 民主
词根: -crasy-(变形:cracy, crat) 统治(democrasy=demo人民+crasy(统治))

(1) plutocracy
记忆方法:pluto(冥王,司财富)+crasy(统治)→财阀统治
实例:He is the most prolific of the debunkers of the plutocracy.

(2) autocracy独裁
记忆方法:auto(自己)+crasy(统治) )→独裁
实例:She ceded all power to her son-in-law who now runs the country as an autocracy.

(3) aristocracy贵族统治
记忆方法:aristo(贵族,参见难记词表aristocrat)+crasy(统治) )→贵族统治
实例:A century ago the aristocracy were truly lords of the earth.

(4) bureaucracy官僚
记忆方法:bureau(官僚)+crasy(统治)→官僚
实例:While the position demands either scientific background or problem-solving skills in a big bureaucracy, this advocate said, "he's not either of those." (Science Magazine)

(5) technocrat技术专家,专家政治论者,技术统治论者
记忆方法:techno(技术)+crat(统治)→技术统治
实例:He is a distant technocrat who is unable to connect with ordinary voters.

99. 简单词ardor 热情
词根:-ard- 热情
同根词:

(1) ardent热情洋溢的
记忆方法:ard(热情)+ent→热情洋溢的
实例:He's been one of the most ardent supporters of the administration's policy.

(2) arduous费劲的,险峻的
记忆方法:ard(热情)+uous(多…的)→需要大量热情去做的→困难的
近义词: hard, difficult, laborious
实例:This project is far more arduous than he originally expected.

The biggest risk you take is not taking any risks!