GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Thirty

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133. accent 口音 -cent- =sing/song,表示"唱,歌"

(1).accentuate 强调

记忆方法: ac(=to)+cent(唱)+uate(表动词)→一直唱→强调
实例: That said, China’s portfolio of overseas energy finance is heavily concentrated in fossil fuel operations that accentuate climate change, especially in coal.

134. cliff 峭壁,悬崖 -clif- 斜坡(slope) clif, cliv

(1).acclivity 向上的斜坡

记忆方法: ac(向上)+cliv(斜坡)→向上的斜坡
实例: An acclivity is an uphill slope, so you’ll have to pedal a little harder to get to the top.

(2).declivity 向下的斜坡

记忆方法: de(向下)+cliv(斜坡)→向下的斜坡
实例: If you're standing at the top of a hill looking down to the bottom, you're staring down a declivity, a downward slope of any kind.

(3).proclivity 倾向

记忆方法: pro(向前)+cliv(斜坡)→倾向 需要一个空行 近义词: tendency, aptitude, inclination
实例: He has a proclivity toward violence.

135. collar 领子 -col- 脖子

(1).accolade 荣誉

记忆方法: ac(to)+col(脖子)+ade→挂在脖子上的→荣誉
实例: The Nobel prize has become the ultimate accolade in the sciences.

136. increase 增加 -crease- 增加 crease, crue, cre

(1).accrue 自然增长

记忆方法: ac(加强)+crue=crease(增加)→自然增长
实例: If you do not pay within 28 days, interest will accrue.

(2).increment n.增加量;增长额;加薪

记忆方法: incre(=increase 增加)+ment(表名词)→ 增加, 加薪
实例: 1.Each increment of knowledge tells us more of our world. 2. Many teachers qualify for an annual increment.

137. quit 放弃 -quit- 自由(放弃工作就是获得自由!)

(1).acquit 开释

记忆方法: ac(加强)+quit(自由)→给予自由→开释
衍生: acquittal
实例: He was acquitted of disorderly behavior by magistrates.

(2).ubiquitous 无处不在的

记忆方法: ubi(=where)+quit(自由)+ous(多)→在任何地方都有自由的→无处不在的
衍生: ubiquity
实例: It seemed difficult for the celebrity couple to get rid of the ubiquitous paparazzi.

(3).iniquitous 邪恶的,不公正的

记忆方法: ini(不)+quit(自由)+ous→不自由的→不公正的
实例: an iniquitous deal

138. add 增加 -add-

(1).addle 使昏乱

记忆方法: add(增加)+le→增加过多→使糊涂
实例: The shock has addled his brain.

(2).addendum 附录

记忆方法: add(增加)+end(最后)+um→增加在最后→附录
复数:addenda
实例: When you make an addendum to a document, you are adding text to the end.

139. join 参与

(1).adjunct 附属的

记忆方法: ad(to)+junct(连接)→连接的,附属的
实例: Physical therapy is an important adjunct to drug treatments.

(2).juncture 结合,时间的结合点→关键时刻

记忆方法: junct(连接)+ure(表名词)→结合
实例: At a particular juncture means at a particular point in time, especially when it is a very important time in a process or series of events.

(3).disjunct 分离的

记忆方法: dis(分开)+junct(连接)→分离的

(4).juxtaposition 并排

记忆方法: juxta=junct+position→并排
实例: This juxtaposition of brutal reality and lyrical beauty runs through Park's stories.

(5).adjoining adj.毗连的,邻近的

记忆方法: ad(=to)+join(参与)+ing→比邻的
近义词: neighboring, adjacent, contiguous
实例: The population overflowed into the adjoining territory.

(6).disjointed adj.脱离开的,不连贯的

记忆方法: disjoin(使分开,使分离)+t+ ed(表形容词)→ 脱离开的→ 不连贯的
实例:...our increasingly fragmented and disjointed society...

(7).enjoin vt.命令

记忆方法: en(进入)+join(连接,链接)→ 进入链接的→可以命令
实例: She enjoined me strictly not to tell anyone else.

(8).rejoinder n.回答,反驳

记忆方法: re(反)+join(结合,连接)+ der()→反过来连接→ 反驳,答辩
实例: She always has a witty rejoinder to any question.

(9).subjunctive adj.虚拟语气的n.虚拟语气

记忆方法: sub(在下面)+junct(结合,连接)+ive(表形容词)→在下面连接→不太肯定是否关联→ 虚拟
实例: In " if I were you " the verb " were " is in the subjunctive.

难记词

(81).aria 咏叹调

记忆方法:来源于air
实例:An aria is a song for one of the leading singers in an opera or choral work.

(82).arraign 传讯

记忆方法:ar(to)+raign=reason→to reason→被叫到法院去reason→传讯
实例:She was arraigned today on charges of assault.

(83).arsenal 军工厂

记忆方法:和球队同名
实例:It wouldn't be wise to let your enemies get a hold of the keys to your arsenal.

(84).asinine 愚蠢的

记忆方法:asin=ass(驴子,屁股)+nine(像...一样的)→驴子似的,愚蠢的
实例:If you want to call someone a jerk while sounding smart yourself, asinine is your go-to word.

(85).asphalt 沥青

记忆方法:
实例:Your neighbor might decide to coat his driveway in asphalt.

(86).stigma 污点

记忆方法:原指在罪犯或奴隶身上烙入皮肤的烙印
实例:Bed-wetting can lead to a social stigma for a six year old, while chewing tobacco might have the same effect for a sixty year old.

(87).sunder 分开

记忆方法:和under区分
实例:A frequent line in a wedding ceremony is, "What God has joined together, let no man tear asunder."

(88).asylum 避难所

记忆方法:a(不)+ sylum(来源于希腊语sulon=right of seizure)→没有抓捕的权利→避难所, 游戏Warcraft 3中有arcane asylum (神秘圣地)
近义词: refuge
实例:If a government offers to protect people who have fled war or hardship in their own country, it gives them asylum.

(89).trump 王牌,法宝

记忆方法:联想富豪Donald Trump或者从triumph(巨大胜利,成就)记忆
实例:To trump is to outrank or defeat someone or something, often in a highly public way.

(90).attic 阁楼

记忆方法:和attire一起记忆,attire(服装)放在attic
实例:He just moves into his garage attic and spies on the life he left.

The biggest risk you take is not taking any risks!