GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Fifteen

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66. 简单词1. lecture; 2. select; 3. legal; 讲座/ 选择/ 法律的
词根:-lect-; -leg-; -lig-;(变形:lect, leg, lig ) 1. 说; 2. 选择; 3. 法律;
同根词:

⑸ collect 收集

记忆方法:col(共同)+lect(选择)→把相同的选出来放在一起→收集
衍生: collected 镇定的
实例:The company plans to collect information about how people use the cars as they move about their daily lives. (Washington Times, Apr 25, 2017)

⑹ recollect 记起,想起,回忆

记忆方法:re(再,重新)+collect(收集)→ 重新收集记忆
衍生: recollection
实例:He tried to recollect things and drown himself in them.

⑺ neglect 忽略

记忆方法:neg(不)+lect(选择)→不选择是因为忽略了
实例:An eclectic collection of objects, ideas, or beliefs is wide-ranging and comes from many different sources.

⑻ eclectic 兼收并蓄的

记忆方法:ec(出)+lect(选择)+ic→选择出的→兼收并蓄的
实例:She has very eclectic tastes in literature.

⑼ delegate 代表;委派;授权

记忆方法:de(加强)+leg(选出)+ate→选出来作为代表→代表,授权
实例: Her management style relies on delegating responsibility to trusted workers.( Los Angeles TimesApr 30, 2017)

⑽ eligible adj.合适的;在(法律上或道德上)合格的
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记忆方法:e(出)+lig(选择)+ ible(表形容词)→ 选出来的→合适的,合格的
近义词: qualified, suitable
实例:You could be eligible for a university scholarship.

⑾ legitimate 合法的

记忆方法:leg(法律)+timate→合法的
实例:If no one objects to the legitimate Ivanka Trump trademarks provisionally approved during the Mar-a-Lago summit, they will be officially registered after 90 days. (Seattle TimesApr 21, 2017)

⑿ delectable 令人愉快的,美味的

记忆方法:de(强调)+lect(选择)+able(能够)→能够让人选择的→让人愉快的
实例:the delectable smell of freshly baked bread

⒀ intelligible 可理解的

记忆方法:inter(中间)+lig(选)+ible(可以)→可以从中间选择出来的,是因为可以理解→可以理解的
实例:The capacity to recognize syntax, to organize and deploy words into intelligible sentences, is innate in the human mind. (The Lives of a Cell)

⒁ elegant 优美的

记忆方法:e(出)+leg(选择)+ant→选择出来的→精致的,优美的
以理解的
实例:Over the years, she met other Jews and in time her elegant Palermo apartment became a point of reference for the community during the holidays.( New York TimesApr 24, 2017)

(15) predilection 偏好

记忆方法:predi(在前)+lect(选择)+ion→之前就选好的→偏好
实例:He has a predilection for rich food.

(16) relegate 降级,贬谪;转移

记忆方法:re(反)+leg(法律)+ate表动词→反法律的人被放逐,降级
实例: 1.Might it not be better to relegate the King to a purely ceremonial function?
2.She likes to relegate difficult questions to her colleagues.

67. 简单词 elevator 电梯
词根:-lev-(变形: liev)举起,变轻(raise, lighten)
同根词:

(1) alleviate 减轻(痛苦)

记忆方法:al(一直)+lev(变轻)+iate→减轻
近义词: assuage, mitigate, pacify, soothe, allay, attenuate
实例: Department of Justice, reached in 2015, to alleviate unsafe conditions in the jails. (Los Angeles TimesApr 29, 2017)

(2) elevate 提升

记忆方法:e(出)+lev(举起)+ate→提升
实例:That would push the earnings of the S&P 500 companies up 10 to 15 percent, justifying elevated valuation levels. (Reuters, Apr 13, 2017)

(3) relieve 减轻,缓和

记忆方法:re(反复)+liev(=lev变轻)→减轻
实例:Hiring a company relieves you of employer responsibilities, especially paying taxes and obtaining unemployment insurance coverage. (Seattle TimesMay 1, 2017)

(4) levy 征税,征兵

记忆方法:lev(举起)→把钱(人)举起来,征税(兵)了
实例:levy of tax

(5) levity 轻浮,轻率

记忆方法:lev(变轻)→轻率
实例: Your levity is unseemly at this time.

68. 简单词 rely 依赖
词根: -ly-(变形:-li-)联合,约束(bind);躺
同根词:

⑴ liable 有责任的

记忆方法:li(约束)+able→有约束的→有责任的
衍生:liability 责任,负债
实例:The court ruled he could not be held personally liable for his wife's debts.

⑵ reliable 可靠的

记忆方法:reli=rely+able→可靠的
实例:When judging a partner’s ability to be satisfying in the long run, the only reliable benchmark is his willingness to learn to please you.( The GuardianMay 1, 2017)

⑶ ally 联盟

记忆方法:al(一直)+ly(联合)→联盟
实例: If you have an ally, you have someone who is on your side, like a more experienced teammate who is your ally in convincing the coach to give you more playing time.

⑷ underlying adj. 潜在的,;基础的; 表面下的

记忆方法:under(下面)+lying(lie 的现在分词形式)→underlie 位于或存在于(某物)之下;构成…的基础(或起因)→ 潜在的, 表面下的
实例:I think that the underlying problem is education, unemployment and bad housing.

⑸ alliance n.((国家、政党等的)结盟,同盟;联姻

记忆方法:al(向)+li(联合)+ance(表名词,表行为或该行为的性质或状态)→ 联合→结盟
实例:The two parties were still too much apart to form an alliance.

69. 简单词 local 当地的
词根:-loc- 地方
同根词:

(1) allocate 分派

记忆方法:al(to)+loc(地方)+ate→把(东西)分到各个地方→分派
实例:You usually hear about the government allocating funds for education or the military, but you may personally allocate some of your allowance to buying comic books.

(2) locomotive 火车头,运动的

记忆方法:loc(地方)+motive(运动)→在各个地方运动→运动的,火车头
实例:A locomotive is a train car that pulls the other cars along the track.

70. 简单词 lot 份额
词根:-lot-份额
同根词:

(1) allot 分派

记忆方法:al(to)+lot(份额)→把份额给到→分派
衍生: allotment
实例:The seats are allotted to the candidates who have won the most votes.

(2) plot 把…分为小块(衍生为绘图,情节,密谋,绘图就是一块一块绘制,而情节就是一块块构成的)
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记忆方法:p+lot(份额)→把…分为小块
实例:A plot is a scheme, a story, a map charting progress, or a piece of land (as for a garden). To plot is to devise the secret plan, order the events of the story, or track your movement on the map.

71. 简单词 luxury 奢侈的,奢侈品
词根:lux-(变形: lux, lure, lus, lu, lur ) 光→引诱,奢侈
同根词:

(1) lure 引诱,魅力,鱼饵

记忆方法:lure(光) →引诱
实例:They did not realise that they were being lured into a trap.

(2) allure 吸引,引诱

记忆方法:al(to,一直)+lure→引诱
近义词:tempt, attract
实例:the allure of the big city

(3) lust 肉欲,强烈的欲望

记忆方法:lure(光) →引诱→强烈的欲望
实例:The mobs became driven by a crazed blood-lust to take the city.

(4) luscious 美味的,性感的

记忆方法:lus=lust+cious(多...的)→欲望(食欲,性欲)多的→美味的,性感的
实例: What I like most about Gabby is her luscious lips.

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