GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Twenty – two

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100. 简单词romantic 浪漫的
词根: -roma-(变形: roma, aroma)香气(还可以联想rosemary迷迭香来记忆)
同根词:

(1) aromatic 芳香的
记忆方法:aroma(香气)+tic→芳香的
近义词: redolent, fragrant, balmy
实例:Aromatic capsules are great for easing the discomfort of a stuffy nose.

101.简单词 arrogant自大的
词根:-rog-要求,询问(ask)(arrogant=ar(一直)+rog(要求)+ant→一再要求别人的→自大的)
同根词:

(1) arrogate霸占,越权
记忆方法:ar(一再)+rog(要求)→霸占
实例:He arrogated the privilege to himself alone.

(2) abrogate废除
记忆方法:ab(不)+rog(要留)+ate→要求不要→废除
实例:If someone in a position of authority abrogates something such as a law, agreement, or practice, they put an end to it.

(3) interrogate讯问,审问
记忆方法:inter(互动)+rog(询问)→讯问,审讯
实例:The judge interrogated every person involved.

(4) rogation祈祷
记忆方法:rog(询问)+ation→祈祷就是询问上天
实例:It was the first of the Rogation days, which an Anglican may see, in his book of common-prayer, noted as days of abstinence.

(5) derogate贬低, (法律)删减
记忆方法:de(向下)+rog(问)+ate→向下问→贬低,减少
衍生: derogatory
实例:1. Such conduct will derogate from your reputation.
2. The parties may not derogate from or vary the effect of this article.

(6)subrogate取代,替代品
记忆方法: sub(下面)+rog(要求)→要求替代
实例:The cat acted as a surrogate mum to the chicks.

(7)prerogative特权
记忆方法:pre(提前)+rog(要求)+ative→提前就要到的权利→特权
实例:Any attempt to encroach upon presidential prerogatives in this domain was quickly and firmly resisted.

(8) rogue无赖,流氓(强调好捣蛋)
记忆方法:rog(要求)+ue→要求别人的人→敲诈别人的人→无赖
实例:A rogue is a man who behaves in a dishonest or criminal way.

102.简单词:art
词根:-art- 艺术→技巧 (参见artificial)
同根词:

(1) articulate发音清楚的讲话, 清楚地表达自己的意思
记忆方法:art(技巧)+culate→有技巧地(说话)
实例:The child was unable to offer an articulate description of what she had witnessed.

103.简单词certain
词根:--certain-
同根词:

(1) ascertain确定
记忆方法:ac(一直)+certain(确定)→确定
实例:You might have to go to the bank to ascertain if there is any money in your account.

104.简单词disperse驱散,分开
词根:-spers-散开
同根词:

(1)asperse诽谤,中伤,洒水
记忆方法:a(不好的)+spers(分散)→不好的散开出去→诽谤
近义词: calumniate, deface, sully, defame
实例:I will not cast any aspersions on your hearts, but your heads certainly do you no credit.

(2) intersperse点缀
记忆方法:inter(在中间)+spers(散开)→点缀
实例:Portraits of Christ interspersed with family photos on the walls of Gonzalez’s small, tidy living room help her keep a positive attitude.

(3) sparse 稀疏的; 稀少的
记忆方法:spars(散开)+e→散开的→ 稀疏的, 稀少的
实例:The available selection of Asian American actors must have been as sparse as the roles available for them to play.

105.简单词spirit精神
词根:-spir-呼吸
同根词:

(1) aspirate抽吸
记忆方法:as(一直)+spir(呼吸)+ate→一直(帮助)呼吸→抽吸
实例:I was definitely aspiring to play in college.

(2) inspire 吸入,激发(灵感)
记忆方法:in(入)+spir(呼吸)→吸入→吸入精神→激发灵感
实例:The Olympics often inspire people to take up a sport, but they can also inspire patriotism.

(3) expire到期,过世
记忆方法:ex(出)+spire(呼吸)→没了呼吸→结束,过世
实例: When you expire, you will be dead.

(4) conspire 密谋
记忆方法:con(一起)+spir(呼吸)→一起呼吸→密谋
实例:Six men were accused of conspiring to corrupt public officials and gain insider information on a £2bn extension to the underground. (BBC, May 16, 2017)

(5) respire呼吸,重新呼吸,松口气
记忆方法:re(重新)+spir(呼吸)→重新呼吸
实例:With that eagerness did I run every morning at sunrise to respire the perfumed air in the countryside.

(6) perspiration汗水
记忆方法:per(彻底)+spir(呼吸)+ation→彻底呼吸→大量运动过后→汗水
实例:His hands were wet with perspiration.

难记词

(1) abeyance暂时终止
记忆方法:a(不)+bey=obey(服从)+ance(名词后缀)→不服从就终止→终止(暂时的,服从为止)
实例:The question is in abeyance until we know more about it.

(2) abolish废除
记忆方法:ab(to)+ol=oil +ish→ turn to oil →废除
实例:First Minister Carwyn Jones said "it would be difficult to conceive" a scenario where fees are abolished in England but not Wales. (BBC, May 12, 2017)

(3) absurd荒谬的
记忆方法:ab(to,直到) + surd (发音类似"数的",这个词根是"无理数"的意思)→ 直到无理→荒谬的
近义词: ludicrous, ridiculous, unreasonable
实例:Thinking you can wear flip flops and a bikini to the North Pole is an absurd idea, for example.

(4) apex顶点,顶峰
记忆方法:可以利用阿尔卑斯山Alps来记忆(发音)→实际上拉丁语种alp就是顶端
近义词: acme, zenith, summit, apogee, crest
实例:He reached the apex of power in his 60s.

(5)apogee最高点,最远点
记忆方法:来源于拉丁文, apo=away from(参见apology) + gee (=earth, 参考geography)→最远点,最高点
近义词: acme, zenith, summit, apex, crest
实例:The farthest point on lunar orbit is called apogee.

(6)zenith顶点,顶峰
记忆方法:读音记忆:ze("这")+nith(你死)→从这里掉下来就死→顶点
实例:His career reaches its zenith.

(7)unctuous虚情假意的,油滑的
记忆方法:uncture油膏,因此unctuous油滑的→虚情假意的
实例:This is the kind of unctuous tone I have often heard in the diplomatic parties.

(8)impertinence粗鲁,无礼
记忆方法:pertinence的意思是相关, impertinence却是粗鲁的意思,要单独记忆
近义词: impudence
实例:You have to be sure your teacher has a good sense of humor before you criticize the way he dresses, otherwise you might be scolded for your impertinence.

(9) impudence粗鲁,无礼
记忆方法:联想记忆: im(没有)+pud(+pudding)+ence→没有吃到补丁,变得粗鲁无理
实例:She had the impudence to wear the other's clothes.

(10) adorn装饰
记忆方法:ad(一直)+orn(装饰)
实例:The family living room is adorned with some of the most impressive trophies, including many for first-place finishes.

The biggest risk you take is not taking any risks!