GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Forty – One

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194 cascade 瀑布
词根:-cad- 落下 cad, cid

(1).cadence 韵律

记忆方法:韵律就是声音有高有低的落下
实例: He is not attempting necessarily to reproduce the cadence of speech.

(2).decadent 颓废的

记忆方法:de(向下)+cad(落)+ent→落下来的→颓废的
实例: Don't let decadent ideas eat into yourselves.

(3).deciduous 每年落叶的

记忆方法:de(向下)+cid(落)+uous(多)→落得多的→指树叶每年掉落的
实例: Deciduous trees shed their leaves in autumn.

(4).occident 西方,欧美

记忆方法:oc(to)+cid(落下)+ent→(太阳)落下的地方→西方世界 衍生: occidental
实例: Almost every great occident philosopher discussed this problem after Descartes.

(5).recidivism n.<律>再犯,累犯(行为或倾向)

记忆方法:re(一再)+cid(落)+ ivism(表名词, 表人或主义)→ 一再堕落的人 衍生: recidivist
实例: Six prisoners are still at large along with four dangerous recidivists.

(6).coincident 同时发生的;(时间上)巧合的;相符的

记忆方法:coincid(=coincide vi.与…一致;想法、意见等相同)+ent(表形容词)→同时发生的 衍生: coincidence n.巧合; 一致; 同时存在; 并存
实例: 1.Their aims are coincident with ours. 2.These parallels cannot be merely coincident.

(7).incidence n.发生率;发生,病例

记忆方法:in(进入)+ cid(落下)+ence(表名词)→ 掉进来的事件
实例: 1. The incidence of breast cancer increases with age.2. a couple of isolated incidences

195 calculate 计算
词根:-cal- 石头(古时候人们使用石头计数)→计算 calc

(1).calcium 钙

记忆方法:最常见的石头就是碳酸钙,石灰石
实例: Since compliance is a problem with disulfiram, this shorter duration of action would appear to limit the effectiveness of calcium carbamide.

(2).calcify 石化

记忆方法:calc(石头)+ify(表动词)→ 石化
实例: It’s been calcified and put in a museum.

(3).callous 铁石心肠的

记忆方法:cal(石头)+ous(多)→心如铁石的
实例: He is callous about the safety of his workers.

(4).calumniate 诽谤,中伤

记忆方法:cal(石头)+lu(光,衍生为投出)→投出石头→诽谤,中伤 近义词: asperse, deface
实例: Do not calumniate good people, otherwise you will be punished.

(5).calligraphy 书法

记忆方法:call(石头)+graphy(写)→用石头写→书法
实例: If calligraphy is not a skill you possess or think you could learn, do not despair for there are some alternatives.

(6).recalcitrant 倔强对抗的,拒不服从的;

记忆方法:re(一再)+calc(石头)+itrant(表形容词)→ 像石头一样硬的
实例: The University suspended the most recalcitrant demonstrators.

(7).calculus n.[医]结石,牙结石; [数]微积分(学)

记忆方法:calc(石头)+ulus()→ 结石
实例: 1. I'm specializing in differential and integral calculus.2. The calculus is an incrustation that forms on the teeth and gums.

196 call 呼叫
词根:-call- 呼叫

(1).callow 年轻而无经验的,羽翼未丰的

记忆方法:call(呼叫)+low(低处)→年轻羽翼未丰飞不起来,只能在低处呼叫 近义词: fledging
实例: He was a callow youth when he joined the newspaper.

197 candle 蜡烛
词根:-cand- 白,光亮 cand, kind(参见kindle)

(1).candor 坦率,公平

记忆方法:cand(白)+or→坦白
实例: He covered a wide range of topics with unusual candor.

(2).candid 坦白的

记忆方法:cand(白)+id()→
实例: I haven't been completely candid with him.

(3).candidate 候选人

记忆方法:candid(坦白的)+ate→只有坦白的人才能成为候选人
实例: She is a competent candidate.

(4).incandescent 白热的,十分明亮的

记忆方法:in(进入)+cand(白)+escent→白热的
实例: incandescent light bulbs

(5).rekindle vt./vi. 重新点燃; 再点火; <比喻>使再振作精神

记忆方法:re(重新)+kindle(发光,点燃)→ 重新点燃
实例: Her interest was rekindled when she saw herbs in everyday medicinal use there.
难记词

190.comely 美丽的,英俊的

记忆方法:联想记忆: come(来的)ly→被人叫来是因为英俊,美丽
实例: a comely woman is attractive

191.laity 外行,(参加教会工作的)俗人

记忆方法:联想记忆: lai=lay(躺下)+ity→躺下做事的人→外行,也指参加教会工作的世俗人
实例: The Church and the laity were increasingly active in charity work.

192.contempt 轻视,藐视法庭

记忆方法:这个单词虽然有词根tempt(尝试),但是确实轻视之意,来源于con(一起)+tempt(尝试)→大家均可一试,没什么了不起→轻视
实例: He was sentenced to six months in prison for contempt.

193.contrive 图谋,策划

记忆方法:联想记忆: con(一起)+triv=try→一起尝试出来→图谋,策划出 衍生: contrived 人为的,不自然的
实例: The oil companies were accused of contriving a shortage of gasoline to justify price increases.

194.covert 神秘的

记忆方法:联想记忆:cover(覆盖)+t→覆盖好的→神秘的 近义词: overt(公开的)
实例: They have been supplying covert military aid to the rebels.

195.copious 丰富的

记忆方法:联想记忆: cop=corp(庄稼)+ious(多)→丰富的
实例: I went out for a meal last night and drank copious amounts of red wine.

196.corollary 直接的推论

记忆方法:联想记忆: co(共同)+roll(滚动)+ary→沿着一条路滚下去→推论
实例: The number of prisoners increased as a corollary of the government's determination to combat violent crime.

197.covetous 贪婪的

记忆方法:联想记忆: covet=cover(覆盖)+ous(多)→把很多(别人的)东西盖起来独自享用→贪婪的
实例: Even here a red Lamborghini Diablo sports car attracts covetous stares.

198.culminate 达到顶点,告终,结束

记忆方法:联想记忆: culm=climax→到达顶点,衍生为结束
实例: The celebration of the centenary will culminate with a dinner on November 20.

199.culprit 犯人

记忆方法:culp(犯人,联想cop警察来记忆,cop, culp)+it
实例: All the men were being deported even though the real culprits in the fight have not been identified.

The biggest risk you take is not taking any risks!