GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Nineteen

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86.简单词1. pass;2. passive; 1. 经过;2. 被动的;
词根:-pass-(变形: path)
1. 通过,经过;
2. 感情(feeling)-由通路衍生,头脑中的通路即为感情 (passive=pass(感情)+ive→感情用事→被动的);
3. 感情又衍生为痛苦(suffering),疾病(illness);
同根词:

(10) impassioned充满激情的
记忆方法:Im(进入)+passion(激情)+ed→充满激情的,注意和impassive区分
实例:He made an impassioned appeal for peace.

(11) apathetic 冷漠
记忆方法:a(无)+path(感情)+etic→无感情的,冷漠的
近义词: impassive, unsympathic, unemotional, stoic
实例:Even the most apathetic students are beginning to sit up and listen.

(12) sympathy同情
记忆方法:sym(共同)+pathy(感情)→共同的感情→同情
实例:For that reason, his sympathies lay with the Southern elites.

(13) compassionate 有同情心的
记忆方法:com(共同)+pass(感情)+ate→有共同感情的→有同情心的
实例:My father was a deeply compassionate man.

(14) empathy 同感,共鸣, 移情
记忆方法:em(进入)+pathy(感情)→投入感情→移情,同感(和同情比,更强调对那种感觉的理解,感同身受)
实例:His experience gave him empathy to the hardships endured by those who started their own businesses.

(15) pathetic可怜的,软弱的
记忆方法:path(感情)+etic→动感情的→可怜的
近义词: abject
实例:1.The animal gave a pathetic little whimper. 2. What pathetic excuses!

(16) pathology病理学
记忆方法:path(病)+ology(学科)→病理学
实例:Pathology is the study of the way diseases and illnesses develop.

(17) pathos感伤力(常用语形容文字电影等)
记忆方法:path(感情)+os→表达感情的
实例: With touching pathos he described the pangs of hunger.

87.简单词:plummet (见难记词表) plummet (见难记词表)
词根:-plum-(变形: plum, plom)铅
同根词:

(1) aplomb沉着,镇静
记忆方法:a(=ab,to一直)+plom(铅)→一直像铅锤一样,沉着
近义词: calm, poise
实例:The whole company executed the plan with aplomb under this extremely difficult situation.

(2) plumb用铅锤测量,探究,正好,恰好
记忆方法:用铅锤测量,衍生为深入探究, 也衍生为,恰好
实例:1. She never abandoned her attempts to plumb my innermost emotions.
2. The hotel is set plumb in the middle of the high street.

88.简单词platform 平台
词根:-plat-(变形: plat, plac, plaz) 平坦
同根词:

(1) plateau高原
记忆方法:常见词

(2) platitude 陈词滥调, 套话
记忆方法:plat(平坦)+itude(状态)→(语言)平坦的状态→陈词滥调
实例: His speech is basically a platitude, outlining many known problems with few solutions.

(3) plate盘子,电镀
记忆方法:常见词

(4) placid 平和的
记忆方法:plac(平坦→平和
实例: She was a placid child who rarely cried.

(5) plaza 广场
记忆方法:常见词

89.简单词explode爆炸
词根:-plod-大声音(big noise) explode=(ex出+plod(大声音))
同根词:

(1) plod吃力的走
记忆方法:plod(大声音)→(走路)发出大声音→吃力地走
实例: Aircraft production continued to plod along at an agonizingly slow pace.

(2) implode向内爆炸,崩溃
记忆方法:im(入)+plode(大声音) →向内爆炸
实例: They described the possibility that the party may implode in opposition.

90.简单词supply提供
词根:-ply-折叠,重复(fold)→衍生为供应 (supply=sup(下面)+ply(供应)→在下面供应→提供)
同根词:

(1) reply回复
记忆方法:re(回)+ply(供应)→供应回去→回复
实例: Most Twitter users, though, don’t bother to click on Trump’s individual tweets to see the thousands of replies each receives. (Washington Times, May 8, 2017)

(2) imply暗示
记忆方法:im(入)+ply(折)→折叠入→反反复复不明说→暗示
实例: That implies no radical change in policies for now, which will be positive for markets. (Returns, May 8, 2017)

(3) apply 申请
记忆方法:ap(to, 一直)+ply(折)→申请就是把(信)折叠寄出
实例: The countries were chosen because they present terrorism risks and the ban applies to everyone in those countries regardless of religion, it says. (Washington Times, May 9, 2017)

(4) ply (不断)供应;从事;往返于
记忆方法:ply表示供给的意思,而当其表示其词根另一个意思折叠就表示往返于
实例: 1. Elsie, who had been told that Maria wasn't well, plied her with food.
2. It's illegal for unmarked minicabs to ply for hire.
3. Ferry boats ply regularly between all the resorts on the lake.

(5) comply 遵守
记忆方法:com(共同)+ply(折叠,重合)→折叠在一起→同意,遵守
衍生: complaisant(顺从的,乐于助人的), compliant (顺从的)
实例: There are calls for his resignation, but there is no sign yet that he will comply.

(6) pliant易弯的,顺从的
记忆方法:pli=ply(折叠,弯曲)+ant
近义词: obedient, acquiescent
实例: Our colleague is proud and stubborn, you know, under that pliant exterior.

(7) compliant恭维,问候
记忆方法:Our colleague is proud and stubborn, you know, under that pliant exterior.
实例: You can do no harm by paying a woman compliments.

(8) pliable 容易弯曲的
记忆方法:pli(折叠,弯曲)+able(容易...的)→容易弯曲的
实例: As your baby grows bigger, his bones become less pliable.

91. 简单词push推
词根: -push-(变形: peal, pel, pulse)推
同根词:

(1) appeal 上诉,吸引
记忆方法:ap(一直)+peal(推=push)→一直推→上诉
实例:1. The Prime Minister appealed to young people to use their vote.
2. We intend to appeal the verdict.
3. On the other hand, the idea appealed to him.

(2) repeal vt/n.撤销,废除
记忆方法:re(再)+peal(推)→再次推开=否定,放弃,撤销
实例:He plans to repeal a number of current policies.

(3) repel 击退,拒绝
记忆方法:re(回)+pel(推)→推回,拒绝
实例:They have fifty thousand troops along the border ready to repel any attack.

(4) expel驱逐
记忆方法:ex(出)+pel(推)→推出→驱逐,赶走
衍生: expulsion
实例:A student activist, he was expelled from law school in the 1970s after leading a protest against Ms Park's father, strongman President Park Chung-Hee. (BBC, May 8, 2017)

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