GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Thirty – Six

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165 pose 姿势
词根:-pos- 放(put)→姿势,职位 pos,posit(来源于position)

(7).compose 组成

记忆方法:com(共同)+pose(放)→放在一起→组成
实例:The legal system is composed of people, and people make mistakes.

(8).decompose 分解

记忆方法:de(分,离)+compose(组成)→分解
实例:A partly decomposed body was found late Saturday.

(9).composed 镇静的

记忆方法:
近义词: equanimous, sedate, collected, imperturbable
实例:The speaker was an experienced man, composed and steady.

(10).apposite 恰当的

记忆方法:和opposite一起记忆,ap=to
近义词: appropriate
实例:She thought in both languages, and selected the most apposite phrase from either.

(11).poseur 装模作样的人

记忆方法:pose+eur(人)→做pose做多的人→装模作样的
实例:He had been railed against by them as a prig and a poseur.

(12).posit 假定

记忆方法:pos(放)+it→放出来→假定
近义词: assume, postulate
实例:Most religions posit the existence of life after death.

(13).predispose 使倾向于

记忆方法:pre(在前)+dispose(处理)→预先处理→使倾向于 衍生: predisposition 倾向
实例:There is evidence to suggest that certain factors predispose some individuals to criminal behavior.

(14).repository n.仓库; 贮藏室; 博物馆;智囊团,知识库

记忆方法:re(一再)+posit(放)+ory(表名词, 场所范围)→一再不停放东西的地方→ 仓库→容器→ 智囊团
实例:1.A church in Moscow became a repository for police files. 2.The repository of all important knowledge in a small town was the chief barman of the local pub. 3.She was a repository of all his secrets.

(15).proposition n.命题, 建议

记忆方法:pro(前)+post(放)+ ion(表名词)→ 往前放→ 把主张说出来
近义词: 衍生: propose v.
实例:1.Making easy money has always been an attractive proposition. 2. As a business proposition, it's a non-starter.

(16).supposition n.猜测;推测;假定;猜想

记忆方法:sup(在下面,随后)+posit(放)+ion(表名词)→放在下面→ 推测,假定
实例:The police are working on the supposition that he was murdered.

(17).superimpose vt.添加; 附加;重叠

记忆方法:super(在…上面)+impose(强加)→强加在上面
实例:Westerners should not superimpose its value judgment on China.

(18).juxtapose vt.(为强调不同点)把…并置,把…并列

记忆方法:juxta(=next 贴近的)+pose(放)→ 贴近放→ 把…并列
实例:When you juxtapose the two, you can see the difference.

(19).presuppose vt.预先假定;假设;以…为先决条件

记忆方法:pre(预先,事前)+suppose(假定,推测)→预先假定
实例:All your arguments presuppose that he's a rational, intelligent man.

166 arm 手臂 -arm- 手臂,衍生为武器(army)
词根:-arm- 手臂,衍生为武器(army)

(1).armed 武装的

记忆方法:arm做动词的过去分词形式
实例:The Minister was kidnapped by armed men on his way to the airport.

(2).disarm 解除武装

记忆方法:dis(去,除)+arm(武装)→解除武装
实例:Captured soldiers were disarmed and put into camps.

(3).armada 舰队

记忆方法:arm(武装)+ada→舰队
实例:an armada of US naval vessels

(4).armistice 休战

记忆方法:armi(武装)+stic=stac(站立)→武装站立住→停战
实例:The two nations signed an armistice.

167 rear 后面
词根:-rear- 后面

(1).arrear 欠款

记忆方法:ar(to)+rear(后面)→排到最后支付→欠款
实例:The bill of the little household, which had been settled weekly , first fell into arrear.

168 skew 斜的 -skew- 斜的
词根:-skew- 斜的

(1).askew 歪斜的

记忆方法:as(to)+skew(斜的)→歪斜的
实例:His glasses had been knocked askew by the blow.

(2).askance 歪斜的,怀疑地

记忆方法:来源于askew
实例:They have always looked askance at the western notion of democracy.

难记词

140.troth 誓言,婚约

记忆方法:联想记忆: troth来源于truth,真实的→誓言
实例:They plighted their troth for the rest of their days.

141.bicker 争吵

记忆方法:联想记忆: bitter(苦的)是bicker后的结果
实例:I went into medicine to care for patients, not to waste time bickering over budgets.

142.embitter 使受苦

记忆方法:em(进入)+bitter(苦的)→使受苦
实例:The loss of all his money embitter the old man.

143.bigotry 偏见,偏执

记忆方法:联想记忆: big+o+try→大大的试一次,我们知道做事应从小做起,大大的做是因为有偏见.
实例:Bigotry is the possession or expression of strong, unreasonable prejudices or opinions.

144.bile 胆汁,坏脾气,怒火

记忆方法:联想记忆: 看到bill→坏脾气 衍生为bilious(胆汁的,脾气大的)
实例:He aims his bile at religion, drugs, and politics.

145.bilk 诈骗

记忆方法:联想记忆: bilk=bill kill→诈骗
实例:They are charged with bilking investors out of millions of dollars.

146.billow (布制品)鼓起; (烟或云)翻滚, 巨浪

记忆方法:联想记忆:bill+low→在账单的海洋下→巨浪, 也可以用below来记忆
实例:1. The curtains billowed in the breeze. 2. They saw thick plumes of smoke billowing from factory chimneys.

147.bleak 昏暗的,荒凉的

记忆方法:联想记忆: b(无)+leak(漏)→漏光了→荒凉的
实例:Many predicted a bleak future.

148.bleary 视线模糊的,朦胧的

记忆方法:联想记忆: 利用blur(模糊不清的事物)来记忆
实例:I checked the clock, squinting through bleary eyes.

149.blemish 污点,缺点

记忆方法:联想记忆: ble=bleed出血+mish=miss→失了准头,出血了→产生小块污点
实例:Every piece is closely scrutinized, and if there is the slightest blemish on it, it is rejected.

The biggest risk you take is not taking any risks!