GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Twenty – Five

Times: - 445 Views

只要坚持不懈,就终会硕果累累

求败单词通

113.简单词tone 声调
词根:-ton-(变形: ton, tound, tun) 声调→高声调"当~~"→吃惊
同根词:

(1) atone 弥补

记忆方法:a(不)+tone(声调)→不发声(而去做)→弥补
近义词: repent
实例:Jesus is called the lamb of God because God sent his son to atone for our sins.

(2) detonation 爆轰

记忆方法:de(强调)+ton(声调)+ation→发出很大的声音→爆炸
实例:Nuclear weapons cause massive detonations, and cities sometimes plan a careful detonation of an abandoned building in order to make room for a new structure.

(3) intonation 声调,语调

记忆方法:in(入)+ton(声调)+ation→内部发出的声音
实例:His voice had a very slight German intonation.

(4) overtone 暗示,弦外之音

记忆方法:over(在...上)+tone(声调)→弦外之音
实例:It's a quite profound story, with powerful religious overtones.

(5) undertone 低声,言下之意

记忆方法:under(在下面)+tone(语调; 色调)→ 语调在下面→ 低声,言下之意
实例:1. Well-dressed clients were talking in polite undertones as they ate. 2. His soft words contained an undertone of warning.

114. 简单词 phone 电话
词根:-pho-(变形: pha, phe)说话
同根词:

(1) prophet 预言家,先知

记忆方法:pro(未来的)+phet(说出)→说出未来的人→先知
衍生: prophecy n. 预言; prophesy vt. 预言
实例:The faithful revered him then as a prophet.

(2) euphemism 委婉语

记忆方法:eu(优秀,从发音可以记忆)+phem(说)+ism→坏的换成好的说→委婉语
实例:A euphemism is a polite word or expression that is used to refer to things which people may find upsetting or embarrassing to talk about, for example sex, the human body, or death.

(3) symphony 交响乐

记忆方法:sym(共同)+phony(声音)→一起发声→交响乐
实例:A symphony is the name of a type of classical music (a long, complex sonata) and the large orchestra that plays that music.

(4)euphony 好听的声音

记忆方法:eu(好)+phony(声音)→好听的声音
实例:Such euphony is hard to resist.

(5) cacophony 难听的声音

记忆方法:caco(坏,象声词,卡壳)+phony(声音)→难听的声音
实例:From its cacophony of sound, the room has suddenly become very still.

(6) phonograph 留声机

记忆方法:phon(声音)+graph(写,画)→记录声音的→留声机
实例:Put a record on the phonograph and let's have some music.

115. 简单词 attitude 态度
词根:-tude-状态
同根词:

(1) altitude 高度

记忆方法:alt(高, tall变化而来)+tude(状态)→高的状态→高度
实例:The high altitude of the Himalayan mountain range slowed the progress of the hikers.

(2) plentitude 充足

记忆方法:plenti=plenty(充足)+tude(状态)→充足
实例:Despite its plentitude, this light is hard to see because it is diffuse throughout the sky and is outshone by brighter foreground sources. (Scientific American, May 28, 2015)

(3) certitude 确定

记忆方法:cert(确定)+tude→确定的态度
实例:Their equality of opportunity, of income and of wealth suffered along with the destruction of whole ways of life and moral, familial, and sexual certitudes. (Salon, May 8, 2017)

(4) fortitude 坚韧

记忆方法:fort(坚固)+tude→坚韧
实例:Eating fried worms might require a lot of intestinal fortitude.

(5) gratitude 感谢的态度

记忆方法:grat(grateful感谢)+tude→感谢的态度
实例:I've been thinking about my family in Iraq, feeling a heavy gratitude that my life is here and not there.

(6) verisimilitude 逼真

记忆方法:veri(真)+simil(=similar)+tude→真的非常相似→逼真
实例:At the required level of visual verisimilitude, computer animation is costly.

116. 简单词 detrimental 有害的/ try尝试/ triple 三
词根: -tri-(变形: trit, try) 1. 摩擦(detrimental=de(不好)+tri(摩擦)+mental→磨损坏了→有害的); 2. 尝试; 3. 三.
同根词:

(1) attrition 摩擦, 磨损

记忆方法:at(to,一直)+trit(摩擦)→摩擦,磨损
实例:The rebels have declared a ceasefire in their war of attrition against the government.

(2) trite 陈词滥调的

记忆方法:磨损了的话
实例:A love song with lyrics about holding hands in the sunshine? Totally trite.

(3) triteness 平凡,陈腐

记忆方法:trite(陈腐的)+ness(表名词)→ 陈腐→太多陈腐的就变成平凡的了
实例:Apart from its triteness and emptiness, the paragraph above is bad because of the structure of its sentences, with their mechanical symmetry and singsong.

难记词

(1) ardor 热情

记忆方法:ard燃烧+or→热情
近义词: passion, zeal
实例:Not even the rising wind had any power to damp her ardour as she flew along the causeway.

(2) arid/ avid 干旱的,贫瘠的,无趣的/热情的

记忆方法:三个单词,arid, acid, avid放在一起记忆, arid(rid→丢弃→需要丢弃掉的,干旱而贫瘠), vid=vivid(热情的)
实例:1.The scientists were developing new strains of crops that can withstand arid conditions.
2. If you're an avid reader, it means you read as much as you can, whenever you can.

(3)fragrant/ flagrant 芳香的/恶臭的; 臭名远扬的; 恶名昭著的
记忆方法:两个词一起记忆,fragrant, r=rose而flagrant, l=舀粪的勺子
实例:1. The forest was cool and fragrant, and the walk through it calmed my spirits.
2. That is clearly an unauthorised and flagrant abuse of the facilities of this House and an unauthorised use of taxpayers' money.

(4) redolent 让人想起的,有香味的

记忆方法:red(=re重新)+olent(有味道的-ol=oil有刺鼻气味,联想olfactory记忆)→让人想念的气味→让人想起的
实例:The air was redolent of cannabis.

(5) balmy 有香气的

记忆方法:balm(香油)
实例: The sun had lost its fierce heat and the air was golden and balmy.

(6) ascetic 禁欲的,苦行僧的

记忆方法:a(不)+sce(发音类似"色")→不好色的→禁欲的
衍生:celibate
实例:The monks lived a very ascetic life.

(7) assuage 减轻

记忆方法:as(一直)+suage=suger(甜的)→变甜→减轻
近义词: alleviate, mitigate, pacify, soothe, ameliorate
实例: My physical hunger could be quite quickly assuaged, my mental starvation was a different matter.

(8)astute 敏捷的

记忆方法:发音记忆: as(好像)+tu(兔)→像兔子一样→敏捷的
实例:They would think me, if not a genius, then at least astute.

(9)atrocity 残暴,暴行

记忆方法:发音记忆: atro(发音类似"我抽"→残忍)
衍生:atrocious残暴的; 反义词: benign
实例:It was not until half a century later in the 1990s that these atrocities came to light and created an international scandal.

(10) truculent 无理好斗的

记忆方法:联想记忆: tru(联想 true 真的)+cu(读音联想'哭')+lent(读音联想'弄')→ 真的被弄哭了→ 因为尖刻好斗伤得很致命
近义词: impertinent, imprudent
实例:If you say that someone is truculent, you mean that they are bad-tempered and aggressive

The biggest risk you take is not taking any risks!