GMAT备考独孤求败之旅 —— 单词篇Day Forty – Five

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213 punctuation 标点

词根:-punct- 点,针
变形:punct, pung

(4).pungent 辛辣的,尖刻的

衍生: pungency
实例:He exhaled the pungent odor of garlic.

(5).compunction 内疚,后悔

实例:She felt no compunction about leaving her job.

(6).punctilious 循规蹈矩的,谨小慎微的

实例:He is punctilious in the performance of his duties.

(7).pundit 专家

实例:He is a well known political pundit.

214 centre 中心

词根:-centr- 中心

(1).concentrate 专心

实例:Be quiet – let me concentrate on my homework.

(2).egocentric 自我为中心的

实例:He was a man of undoubted genius, but bad-tempered, egocentric, and impossible to live with.

(3).centripetal 向心的

实例:centripetal force

(4).centrifugal 离心的

实例:centrifugal force

(5).eccentric 古怪的

实例:He is an eccentric character who likes wearing a beret and dark glasses.

215 council 委员会

词根:-cil- 召集→安抚

(1).conciliate 安抚

衍生: conciliatory
实例:The President's speech was hailed as a conciliatory gesture toward business.

(2).reconcile 调解

衍生: reconcilable
实例:Bevan tried to reconcile British socialism with a wider international vision.

216 ascend 攀登,上升

词根:-scend- 爬(climb)

(1).descend 下降

实例:I heard his footsteps descending the stairs.

(2).descendant 子孙,后代

记忆方法:descend(下降)+ant(表名词, 人)→后代
实例:He was a direct descendant of Napoleon Bonaparte.

(3).ascendancy 优势,支配地位

实例:Although geographically linked, the two provinces have long fought for political ascendancy.

(4).condescend 屈尊,俯就,摆架子

实例:Would you condescend to accompany me?

(5).transcend vt.超越,超出…的限度; 优于或胜过…

记忆方法:tran(越过)+scend(爬, 攀)→ 攀过去→ 超越
实例:Such matters transcend current human understanding.

217 punch 用拳猛击

词根:-punch- 打 punch,pugn, pinge, pug

(1).impugn 责难

实例:All I can hope is that the good name of the Bank will not be impugned in some way.

(2).pugnacious 好斗的

近义词: belligerent, bellicose, combative
实例:The President was in a pugnacious mood when he spoke to journalists about the rebellion.

(3).repugnant 令人厌恶的

近义词: repulsive
实例:The Committee said his actions were improper and repugnant.

(4).impinge 冲击

实例:The cuts in defense spending that have impinged on two of the region's largest employers.

(5).pugilist 拳击运动员

近义词: boxer
实例: At the end of the story, the protagonist emerges as a powerful pugilist.


230.charlatan 冒充内行的人,庸医

记忆方法:发音记忆: "掐了他"→庸医,冒充内行的人
实例: 1. He was sure that he was dealing with a charlatan. 2. A charlatan doesn't murder with a knife.

231.chasm 裂口

记忆方法:常用词,一部非常有名的书(书中的内容是市场营销的关键同时还可以用于交易), Cross The Chasm (by Geoffrey A. Moore)用的就是这个词
实例:the chasm between rich and poor in America

232.chassis 底盘

记忆方法:联想记忆: cha(擦)+assis=basis(底部)→底盘
实例:As a result, it will be suitable for both longitudinal or transverse settings, and can sit low in a chassis.

233.chauvinist 沙文主义者

记忆方法:发音记忆. 所谓沙文主义指的是极端偏激的爱国,民族主义,通常表现为对自己所在团体盲目热爱并对其他团体抱有仇恨 衍生: chauvinistic
实例:He’s a bit of a male chauvinist.

234.cheetah 猎豹

实例:A slow gazelle might never be unlucky enough to meet a cheetah, but a slow cheetah that never catches anything dies.

235.checker 格子,西洋跳棋

实例:He moved her around like a checker.

236.cherubic 天使的,天真无邪的

记忆方法:联想记忆: cher=chery(樱桃)+rub=rubber(橡胶)→像樱桃一样红润,像橡胶一样富有弹性→天使般的
实例:her beaming, cherubic face

237.chubby 胖乎乎的

实例:a baby with round chubby cheeks

238.chicanery 欺骗

记忆方法:联想记忆: chic=trick(把戏,计谋)+anery(地方)→欺骗
实例:We still do; living in a world in which undeclared aggression, war, hypocrisy, chicanery, anarchy and impending immolation are part of our daily lives, we all want a code to live by.

239.chide 责骂

记忆方法:联想记忆: chide a child
实例:He gently chided the two women.

The biggest risk you take is not taking any risks!